Long list of past papers - mixed

Discussion in 'Past Exam Papers' started by Gussie, Oct 9, 2003.

  1. Gussie

    Gussie New Member

    Sep 19, 2003
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    Long list of past exam questions - mixed papers

    Bunch of questions copied and pasted from the old forums for various subjects.


    Interrelationships between systems - for ITEC A&P
    Muscular – Most simply said the muscular system would cease to function without the nervous system. Unlike the visceral muscles or cardiac muscle both of which have other controlling systems somatic motor fibres are IT for skeletal muscle activation and regulation. Somatic nerve fibres not only tell the muscle when to contract but how strongly. Additionally as the nervous system makes its initial synapses with skeletal muscle fibre it determines their fate as fast or slow fibre which forever after affects our muscle potential for speed and endurance. The interactions of the various brain regions and inputs of stretch receptors also determine our grace and how smooth and coordinated we are. Nonetheless keep in mind that as long as the skeletal muscles effector cells are healthy they help determine the viability of neurons synapsing with them. The relationship is truly synergistic.

    Respiratory System- Another system that depends entirely on the nervous system for its function is the respiratory system which continuously refreshes the blood with oxygen and unloads carbon dioxide waste to the sea of air that surround us. Neural centres in the medulla and pons both initiate and maintain the tidelike rhythm of air flushing into and out of our lungs by activating skeletal muscles that change the volume (thus the gas pressure) within our lungs. If some of those CNS centres are damaged reflexes set up by stretch receptors in the lungs can still maintain the vital function of breathing.

    Digestive System – Although the digestive system responds to many different types of controls, eg hormones, local pH, and irritating chemicals or bacteria the parasympathetic nervous system inputs, sympathetic neural activity, which inhibits normal digestion (and hence nourishment of the body) would be unopposed. So important are the parasympathetic controls that some of the parasympathetic neurons area actually located in the walls of the digestive organs in so called intrinsic plexuses. Thus even if all the extrinsic controls are severed the intrinsic mechanisms can still maintain this crucial body function. The role the digestive system plays for the nervous system is the same it offers to all othe rbody systems – it sees that ingested foodstuff gets digested and loaded into the blood for cell use.

    Skin: sympathetic division of the ANS regulates sweat glands and blood vessels of the skin (therefore heat loss retention)
    Skin serves as heat loss surface.

    Skeletal: Nerves innervate bones. Bones serve as depot for calcium needed for neural function and protects CNS structures.

    Endocrine: Sympathetic division of the ANS activates the adrenal medulla; hypothalmus helps regulate the activity of the anterior pituitary gland and produces two hormones. Hormones influence neuronal imbalances.

    Cardiovascular: Ans helps regulate heart rate and blood pressure. Cardiovascular system provides blood carrying oxygen and nutrients to the nervous system. Carries away waste.

    lymphatic: Nerves innervate lymphoid organs; the brain plays a role in regulating immune function. Lymphatic vessels carry away leaked tissue fluids from tissues surrounding the nervous system structures. Immune elements protect all body organs from pathogens.

    Urinary: ANS regulates bladder emptying and renal blood pressure. Kidneys help to dispose of metabolic wastes and maintains proper electrolyte composition and pH of blood for neural action.

    Reproductive ANS regulates sexual erection in males erection of the clitoris in females. Testosterone causes masculination of the brain and underlies the sex drive and aggressive behaviour.


    Oral Questions asked during massage exams
    1) What massage movements are you performing?
    2) What benefits are these movements for the client?
    3) How often would you recommend a massage to your client?
    4) Is it better for a massage in the morning and evening?
    5) What Lymph node are you currenly draining to?
    6) Contra-indications to massage?
    7) Name all the massage movements you know?. Eg effleurage, petrissage.....
    8) Lots of questions on the bones of the body, especially the hand, wrist and ankle


    ITEC Sports Massage - Hamstrings Question

    Paul Crick :

    Try contacting your local amateur football association they will have one or two people with this type of problem it is not imperative that it is an injury as long as they are having problems in the area which most footballers do.

    The main problem with hamstrings is over tightness, this is exasperated by sports people who will not spend the necessary time warming up prior to activity this can lead to a snapped hamstring which is very painful and leaves that leg a lot weaker than the other, but usually it just leads to strain from over reaching a tight muscle.

    The muscles in this type of situation would be better called hamropes for that is what they feel like very hard and very tender but if they want to play later in the week then it would be your job to re-stretch them and get them ready for work.

    Typical reaction, to call you a not very present name and try and get of the couch, but they usually thank you later when the get of the couch and are feeling a lot better and they can walk ok, you learn to turn a deaf ear to it. hope that helps.


    The Blood by N/A
    Q1. List the functions of the blood.

    A1. It Transports
    · Oxygen from lungs to body cells.
    · Carbon dioxide from the cells to the lungs.
    · Nutrients from the digestive tract to the body cells.
    · Metabolic waste products from the cells to excretory organs.
    · Hormones from endocrine glands to cells.
    · Any drugs taken for medical purposes.

    It Regulates
    . The water content of cells.
    · Body heat maintaining normal body temperature.
    · PH by means of buffers.

    It Protects
    · Against disease and infection by action of lincocytes which destroy micro-organisms. Through phagocytic action and production of antibodys.
    · Against blood loss by the process of blood clotting.

    Q2. What is the function of the following?
    1) Erythrocytes; 2) Leucocytes; 3) Thrombocytes;
    1) Erythrocytes; Red blood cells, which contain haemoglobin that transports oxygen and carbon dioxide.
    2) Leucocytes; White blood cells which protect the body against invading micro-organisms, they play a part in the body’s defence system and immune reaction.
    3) Thrombocytes; or Platelets; they play an important role in blood clotting.

    Q3. Define the term “Erythema”
    A3 Erythema; Or flushing of the skin, the body loses heat via the skin. If the body becomes too cold the arteries constrict preventing heat loss.

    q4. Produce a diagram showing the arteries and veins serving the neck and head.

    Q5. Explain high and low blood pressure and how they may affect massage treatment.

    Blood pressure is the force or pressure, which the blood exerts on the walls of the blood vessels.

    · Hypertension – High blood pressure.
    · Hypotension – Low blood pressure.
    High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) is where the BP is higher then the normal 120 over 80, there are several causes of high blood pressure.

    · Poor diet, processed food’s (high salt content)
    · Smoking
    · Drugs
    · Exercise
    · Emotions (Anger, Excitement, Stress, and Fright).
    · Pain
    · Diseases (Kidneys, Adrenal Cortex, Heart, and Lungs)
    · Aorta problems (Narrowing of the aorta or Structure)
    · Excessive alcohol.
    High blood pressure will affect the type of massage given; the clients GP should be consulted and written should be sought in the case of a medical condition. If treating a client with high BP the therapist must remain vigilant of the condition.

    · Mentally prepare the client before starting the massage
    . In stress related high BP, massage can be beneficial
    · Light to Medium massage should be used
    · Slow relaxing massage is called for
    · No invigorating movements i.e. percussion, hacking, cupping, or beating
    · Attention should be concentrated around the back, shoulders, large muscles of the legs and solar plexus
    · No stimulating refreshments should be offered after the massage, Bottled spring water is an ideal drink to offer.

    Low Blood Pressure (Hypertension) Low BP should not be considered as too much of a problem as high BP. Although the clients GP may still need to be consulted depending on the severity of the condition. Some causes of low BP are;

    · Shock
    · Haemorrhage
    · Addisons Disease (Adrenal gland problems)

    The affects of massage on clients with Low BP, which you must not leave clients unattended, as they might feel dizzy or light headed. A medium depth massage will help the venous flow, which in turn will help to clear the interstitial spaces of a build up toxins caused by low BP.

    Effects of massage - Angelfish
    Light effleurage to help drain lymph by mechanically draining from the superficial to the deep vessels. Check GP Approval Chronic oedema may benefit from vibration techniques.

    Deep effleurage and cross friction. Breaks up adhesions and assists joint mobility. GP Approval & don't carry out in acute stages.

    As a preventative measure use Effleurage and Petrissage to increase circulation and loosen up adhesions in the muscle. Often caused by build up of lactic acid. In chronic fibrosis, deep friction and thumb effleurage can be used to stretch the muscles transversely.
    #1 Gussie, Oct 9, 2003
    Last edited by a moderator: Jan 20, 2008
  2. Gussie

    Gussie New Member

    Sep 19, 2003
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    RE: Long list of past exam questions - mixed papers

    continued below..........
    #2 Gussie, Oct 9, 2003
    Last edited by a moderator: Aug 18, 2007
  3. Gussie

    Gussie New Member

    Sep 19, 2003
    Likes Received:
    RE: Long list of past exam questions - mixed papers

    ... cont.
    #3 Gussie, Oct 9, 2003
    Last edited by a moderator: Aug 18, 2007
  4. jonjo

    jonjo New Member

    Sep 20, 2003
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    RE: Long list of past exam questions - mixed papers

    Gussie's post continued...


    jonjo's post

    Hi Gussie,

    Thanks for all this info. I have no chance in the forseeable future of taking the course, but am interested in learning more about A & P so all this info will be really helpful to me.
    #4 jonjo, Oct 10, 2003
    Last edited by a moderator: Aug 18, 2007
  5. IndigoHealing

    IndigoHealing New Member

    Jun 19, 2004
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    A&P, reflex and prof.conduct ITEC


    Ijust had all these exams today. A&P I found quite difficult. Reflexology and prof conduct are OK.
    Here are the (few) questions I can remember ... brain blackout.


    What condition might be indicated through a high arch (ie bad back, lungs etc)

    learn ALL the alternative complementary therapies, you get questions on most of them. Inc Bowens, Kinesology, Alexander, Shiatsu and acupressure you need to know the difference between.

    A few questions on the hand, and lots of phrases include medial, lateral etc, so make sure you learn which is which.

    varicose veins... areas of assistance, learn!

    Colitis, direct area

    herpes zoster, direct and indirect (can't remember which it was so just learn the lot)

    There were no questions on veins or nerves of the leg etc.

    Sternum... learn where it is and whether itis medial or lateral side

    A & P

    Cushings disease cause

    learn where the prostrate is situated (answer is between rectum and bladder)

    learn what all bone types are. One of the questions was about flat bones and one was about short bones, so make sure you know all the examples of all these.

    Learn what prophase is!

    which layer of the skin do you find keratin cells

    learn the layers of the meninges, you need to know the outer

    learn different tissue types. Think a question was on what type of cells line the bladder and also what cells are in lymph vessels.

    learn the functions of lymph nodes

    Hope that helps any of you that are still to take the exam! The professional conduct questions are really easy and common sense. You need to know about bead sterilisation, what a fungi is, how fungus is transmitted, but it is all straightforward stuff.

  6. Kayah

    Kayah New Member

    Apr 25, 2005
    Likes Received:

    I just had ITEC exam, for Beauty therapists, incl. MAchines, Business studies, skincare and eye treatment, waxing, manicure and pedicure, make-up.

    Just to let you know that the papers for machines and skincare are quite tough, go over and over contraindications, and local contraindications...If you are counting on the previous pass papers from ITEC-(only for machines and skincare) do not count on them. And do not panic...

    The ones I could remember:

    1.Contraindications to use of all machines (local contraindications too), including fever, artritis, osteoporosis, and few I never heard of..
    2.amount of current flowing-amps
    3.Power in current- watts
    4.What is ulticaria
    5. Vacume suction-all nodes names
    6.What type of bone is nasal bone?
    7.How many metacarpals
    8.When would you use high frequency machine-befor or after another treatment?
    9.When to procedure eyebrow shaping?(before cleanse, after massage, before massage)
    10.Which part of palm you use durring vibration movements and tapotment?
    11.Muscles of arm and leg

    make-up (not difficult at all)
    1.Bridal make-up, few questions
    2.Mature make-up
    3.How to cover nosalbia folds
    4.How soon after applying moisturiser, foundation should be applied?
    5.What os gandelila
    6.What type of oil in lipstick

    Waxing-straight forward
    1.Policystic ovaian syndrome
    2.Congenital cause of super flous hair growth
    3.Addison's disease
    4.Cushing syndrome
    5.Regrowth after cool wax-how fast
    6.Active ingrediance in depilatory cream

    5.What is cuticle and hangnail
    6.How is lunula formed
    7.What is lunula
    9.Ingrediance of base coat
    10.Why not to file the nails straight down
    11.Why cuticle cream can not be left on for long time

    Business Studies-ok, common sence actually.

    So good luck my friends.

  7. Kayah

    Kayah New Member

    Apr 25, 2005
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    RE: Yesterday's ITEC exam

    HI. It is me again. I hope I did not scare anyone with the questions [&:]

    As I went trough my notes I remembered few more:

    1.What effect on the skin has lemon juice and egg white
    2.For home mask which skin would benefit from banana mask
    3.M E N S- two question
    5.Biological mask-effect
    6.Risorius-where it is
    7.Ph of the skin
    8.What oil is used in hot oil masks?
    9.Functions of the blood
    10.Functions of the vessels
    11.How would you recognise normal skin
    12.Lots of corrective make-up
    13.Which skin would benefit the most from steamer
    14.Functions of the hair folicle
    15.Subcutaneous layer

    And again, good luck

  8. sarahkeen

    sarahkeen New Member

    May 29, 2008
    Likes Received:
    Itec A&P - past papers revision aid

    Hi, a friend recently gave me some test questions (hundreds of them!) for A& P and they are proving very useful for me with revision (my exams end of this month ) :hidesbehindsofa:
    I'll post a few, but let me know if you want more :011:
    The Cell
    1. Where can cytoplasm be found:
    a) Inside the nucleus
    b) Lining the cell
    c) Inside the cell but outside the nucleus
    d) Surrounding the nucleolus

    2. The circulation of the cell is formed by;
    a) Nucleus
    b) Vacuoles
    c) Centrioles
    d) Endoplasmic reticulum

    3. The centre of the cell is called:
    a) Nucleus
    b) Vacuoles
    c) Nucleolus
    d) Mitochondria

    4. A group of tissues join to form;
    a) Organ
    b) System
    c) Organism
    d) Cells

    5. What is the first stage of mitosis;
    a) Anaphase
    b) Prophase
    c) Metaphase
    d) Telophase

    6. Cuboidal epithelium is found in;
    a) Circulatory sytem
    b) Lining of the kidney tubules
    c) Lymph vessels
    d) Stomach & intestines

    7. Which type of tissue contains fibrocytes and mast cells;
    a) Adipose
    b) White fibrous
    c) Areolar
    d) Yellow elastic

    8. Empty sacs with the cytoplasm are called;
    a) Vacuoles
    b) Mitochondria
    c) Endoplasmic reticulum
    d) Golgi apparatus

    9. What is a cell made of;
    a) Cytoplasm
    b) Centrioles
    c) Protoplasm
    d) Mitochondria

    10. Where does the formation of ATP take place;
    a) Nucleus
    b) Nucleolus
    c) Mitochondria
    d) Ribosomes
  9. sarahkeen

    sarahkeen New Member

    May 29, 2008
    Likes Received:
    Itec A&P - past papers revision aid

    The Skin

    1. Desquamation can be defined as;
    a) The cells on the surface of the skin are constantly shedding.
    b) Granules which are visible in healing after trauma.
    c) A pigmentation which gives skin its colour.
    d) Cell division.

    2. How is melanin produced;
    a) By cells called Melanocytes.
    b) During the process of desquamation.
    c) In the sweat glands of the dermis.
    d) By cells called Histiocytes.

    3. Erector Pili can be defined as;
    a) Hair follicles which produce sebum.
    b) Tiny muscles which are attached to each hair.
    c) Microscopic capillaries.
    d) Nerve endings.

    4. Which one of the following cannot be absorbed by the skin;
    a) Drugs
    b) Water
    c) Some chemical substances
    d) Essential oils

    5. Which skin disorder gives skin a flushed reddened appearance;
    a) Acne vulgaris
    b) Eczema
    c) Herpes zoster
    d) Acne rosacea

    6. A complete lack of melanocytes causes;
    a) Papilloma
    b) Albinism
    c) Vitiligo
    d) Naevae

    7. Comedones are also known as;
    a) Freckles
    b) Hives
    c) Blackheads
    d) Whiteheads

    8. The stratum lucidum is also known as;
    a) Clear layer
    b) Surface layer
    c) Basal layer
    d) Granular layer

    9. Which pigment gives skin its natural colour;
    a) Histamine
    b) Melanin
    c) Heparin
    d) Collagen

    10. What is the purpose of collagen in the skin;
    a) To keep the skin supple
    b) To keep the skin elastic
    c) To produce the anticoagulant heparin
    d) To plump up the skin
  10. sarahkeen

    sarahkeen New Member

    May 29, 2008
    Likes Received:
    ITEC A&P test question - revision aid

    The Skeletal System

    1. What parts of the body does the appendicular skeleton support;
    a) Shoulder girdle, the upper limbs, the pelvic girdle and lower limbs
    b) Torso
    c) Head, neck and torso
    d) Shoulder girdle and pelvic girdle

    2. Which one of the following is an example of a long bone;
    a) Carpals
    b) Ribs
    c) Ethmoid
    d) Phalanges

    3. The scapula falls under which category of bone;
    a) Irregular bone
    b) Flat bone
    c) Short bone
    d) Sesamoid bone

    4. Which one of the following is not a function of the skeleton;
    a) Protection
    b) Support
    c) Heat absorption
    d) Movement

    5. Haversian canals can be defined as;
    a) Passageways which run lengthways
    b) Passageways which run lengthways through compact bone
    c) Passageways which run lengthways through cancellous bone
    d) Passageways found in cancellous bone containing oxygen and nutrients

    6. Which bones form the bridge of the nose;
    a) Ethmoid bones
    b) Nasal bones
    c) Vomer
    d) Lacrimal

    7. The frontal bone forms
    a) The cheekbone
    b) The lower jaw
    c) The upper jaw
    d) The forehead

    8. The turbinator bone is located on which part of the face;
    a) Cheek
    b) Nose
    c) Chin
    d) Forehead

    9. The back of the cranium is made up of which bone;
    a) Occipital
    b) Temporal
    c) Parietal
    d) Lacrimal

    10. Where is the foramen magnus located;
    a) Occipital bone
    b) Mandible
    c) Parietal bone
    d) Frontal
  11. sarahkeen

    sarahkeen New Member

    May 29, 2008
    Likes Received:
    ITEC A&P Exam Aug'08

    Hi, I sat the ITEC A&P Exam on Friday 01/08. Seemed OK and not as scary as I thought it was going to be. Questions I can remember were on yellow elastic tissue, which layer of the skin does hair protrude, diabetes, how many tarsals, which tissue is protective and insulating, cranial bones, nasal bone is a flat bone, tinea pedis, tis all i can remember at mo. Hopefully this helps, but as long as you've read Louise Tucker's A&P book you'll be fine. I know you can get heaps of test questions for revision from Ebay or Only a couple of quid but was very useful for me.

    Good Luck

  12. aries43

    aries43 New Member

    Feb 20, 2010
    Likes Received:
    Does anyone have any past papers on VTCT Hot stone Massage, I am starting my course on Saturday,
  13. secret angel

    secret angel New Member

    Jun 5, 2008
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    hi am looking for itec reflexology theory questions for 2010

    Hi there, i have my theory exam next monday.. i am wondering if anyone has finished exam and have any questions.. i am doing the itec reflexology exam.. thanks for anyone who can help and good luck to evereyone doin exams..;)
  14. Holistic

    Holistic New Member

    Dec 28, 2003
    Likes Received:
    secret angel,

    If you're asking about current questions and answers, these cannot be posted on the forums, as per these guidelines which are at the top of this forum:

    Healthypages Moderator
  15. shoes

    shoes New Member

    May 25, 2007
    Likes Received:
    is it possible to get the 2010 reflex questions now?

    ANGELKARMA New Member

    Mar 15, 2010
    Likes Received:
    Hi all!
    Just wanderind does anyone have any past questions on VTCT Holistic Massage?...Which I will be sitting soon.
  17. aby82

    aby82 New Member

    Feb 9, 2011
    Likes Received:
    0 new just saw this page today..i am doing beauty therapy diploma and hair..i already did my course on beauty waiting to do my exams in june with city and guilds..please i would really appreciate if anyone will post me questions from paper 2009 and 2010..i'll do my hair exams in dec as i just started the course this month..please i need your help.

    thank you all
    #17 aby82, Feb 9, 2011
    Last edited by a moderator: Feb 9, 2011
  18. falcon

    falcon New Member

    Aug 24, 2011
    Likes Received:
    ITEC diploma in gym instruction

    Hi, I am taking my exams in Diploma in gym instruction in October. I am unsure about the case studies and what to expect in the practical exam. Also, I'am panicking about the multi-choice papers , has anyone sat this exam recently and what can I expect ?
  19. vancamil1

    vancamil1 New Member

    Jun 2, 2013
    Likes Received:
    more questions

    Hey, you said youve got hundreds of questions :) Would it be possible to email them to me as im going through past papers for my exam on Weds. Thanks x
    #19 vancamil1, Jun 10, 2013
    Last edited by a moderator: Jun 11, 2013
  20. 1985_laura

    1985_laura New Member

    Jul 16, 2013
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    Relevant A&P past questions

    I'm taking my ITEC A&P exam in a few days time. I've looked at the past papers and questions on here from 2008. Are they still relevant to 2013? Any help and advice on this would be great. Panicing about this exam!!!

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