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ITEC Anatomy and Physiology Past Papers

Discussion in 'Past Exam Papers' started by Student Helper, Feb 5, 2008.

  1. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

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    Paper 1

    1 Define the function of the erector pili muscle
    Cause the hair follicle to stand erect (goose pimples)
    Constrict the flow of blood to the epidermis
    The layer of muscle found below the dermis
    Pumps sebum to the surface of the skin

    2 Define sebum
    Milky fluid found in the axilla and groin
    Sweat (water) that controls body temperature
    A fatty acid that keeps the skin moist and lubricates the hair shaft
    Alkaline solution that balances the Ph level of the skin

    3 List the correct order of the layers of the skin
    "Spinosum, Corneum, Lucidum, Granulosum, Germinativum"
    "Corneum, Lucidum, Granulosum, Spinosum, Germinativum"
    "Lucidum, Granulosum, Spinosum, Corneum, Germinativum"
    "Corneum, Spinosum, Lucidum, Granulosum, Germinativum"

    4 " The skin produces two products, these are"
    Melatonin and Vitamin D
    Vitamin E and Myelin
    Melanin and Vitamin E
    Melanin and Vitamin D

    5 " I have a skin disorder, it is as follows. A bacterial infection causing thin roofed blisters, which weep and leave a thick, yellow crust. It is highly contagious. What is the disorder?"
    Impetigo
    Warts
    Psoriasis
    Carcinoma

    6 " If you were to supinate your arm, would you"
    Turn it to face downwards
    Move it away from the body
    Turn it to face upwards
    Move it towards the body

    7 Which of the following doesn't contain involuntary muscle
    Digestive system
    Heart
    Respiratory system
    Genito-urinary system

    8 Where would you find the sternocleidomastoid?
    Across the top of the shoulders
    Upper back
    Chest
    Running up the neck

    9 What is the function of the orbicularis oculi
    Raise the corner of the mouth
    Rotates the head
    Closes the eyelid
    Plantarflexes the ankle

    10 What is the cause of fibrositis
    A build up of lactic acid in the muscle
    Overexertion
    Sodium depletion
    Scar tissue that has not healed

    11 Where would you typically find squamous epithilieum
    Lining the circulatory system
    Lining the stomach
    Lining the respiratory system
    Lining the bladder

    12 When a cell reproduces and divides the term is
    Meiosis
    Osmosis
    Mitosis
    Melanosis

    13 Define adipose tissue
    Loose connective tissue
    Semi-solid tissue
    Elastic tissue
    Fatty tissue

    14 " What am I explaining The transfer of a substance by pressure, when the concentration of the substance on one sife of the membrane if greater than the other. The transference stops when an equal concentration has been achieved."
    Filtration
    Osmosis
    Diffusion
    Dissolution

    15 What is the majority of a cell made up of
    Carbohydrates
    Cytoplasm
    Protoplasm
    Nucleus

    16 How many vertebrae form the spine
    33
    37
    29
    34

    17 Which is NOT a good example of a long bone
    Metatarsals
    Ribs
    Femur
    Radius

    18 Where would I find the occipital bone
    In the orbital cavity
    The jaw The ankle
    Back of the cranium

    19 What is the cause of osteoperosis
    Growing old
    Calcium deficiency
    Stress
    Autoimmune disease
    B
    20 Where would be a good example of a pivot joint
    Between the atlas and axis cervical vertebrae
    Elbow
    Between the carpals and tarsals
    Hip

    21 Which endorine gland secreted the following hormones
    Pineal
    Thyroid Pituitary
    Pancreas

    22 What is the function of thyroxin
    Regulation of water absorption
    Stimulates the contractions of the uterus
    Controls metabolic rate
    Regulates salts in the body
    C

    23 Where are the adrenal glands found
    Either side of the neck
    The base of the brain
    In the thorax
    Superior to the kidneys

    24 What does PMS stand for
    Pre Menstrual Syndrome
    Pre Monster Syndrome
    Post Menopausal Syndrome
    Post Menstrual Syndrome

    25 What is the effect of amenhorroea
    Menstruation ever 23 weeks
    Absence of menstruation
    Muscular atrophy
    The patient becomes hirsuit

    26 What is the function of thrombocytes
    Transport of nutrients
    Protect the body from infection
    Blood Clotting
    Solvent in the blood

    27 As you look at the diagram of the heart - what is the top right hand chamber called
    Right atrium
    Left atrium
    Right ventricle
    Left ventricle

    28 Which chamber of the heart does oxygenated blood return to?
    Right atrium
    Left atrium
    Right ventricle
    Left venticle
    B
    29 Which is the main artery that supplies blood to the legs?
    Tibial
    Renal
    Brachial
    Thrombus

    30 What disease am I describing? Inflammation of a vein.
    Phlebitis
    Atherosclerosis
    Haemorrhoids
    Thrombus

    31 How do lymphatic capillaries differ to vascular capillaries
    They do not differ
    They are not porour
    "They are not continuous, they have a blind end"
    They are held open with hoops of hyaline cartilage

    32 What is one of the functions of lymph
    Transport oxygen to the tissue
    Adds lymphocytes to the blood
    Transport carbon dioxide from the tissued
    Bathes tissue in plasma

    34 How is lymph circulated
    It is pumped by the hart
    The spleen pumps lymph
    "Gravity draws it to the hands and feet, where it is returned to the blood stream."
    A combination of skeletal muscle contraction and valves in the veins.

    35 What is the function of lymph nodes
    The filter lymph only
    To produce new lymphocytes only
    A point of reentry to the blood stream for the lymph fluid
    To filter lymph and produce new lymphocytes

    36 Which part of the brain has control over cardiac output
    Cerebrum
    Cerebellum
    Medulla oblongata
    Pons varolii

    37 Define dendrites
    A long single nerve fibre
    Nerve fibres - like branches that transmit nerve impulses
    The centre of the neurone A
    point where one neurone meets another

    38 What does the peripheral nervous system do?
    Transmits information (sensory and motor) to and from the body
    Stimulates the body's involuntary organs
    Slows down the body
    Transmission of the sensory information only

    39 Name a reaction of the nervous system outside the control of the brain
    Digestion
    Respiration
    Reflexes
    Heartbeat

    40 What would be symptom of bells palsy
    Pain down the lower back and leg
    Tremor Loss of co-ordination
    Facial paralysis

    1 A, 2 C, 3 B, 4 D, 5 A, 6 C, 7 B, 8 D, 9 C, 10 A, 11 A, 12 C, 13 D, 14 B, 15 B, 16 A, 17 b, 18 D, 19 B, 20 A, 21 C, 22 C, 23 D, 24 A, 25 B, 26 C, 27 B, 28 B, 29 D, 30 A, 31 C, 32 B, 34 D, 35 D, 36 C, 37 B, 38 A, 39 C, 40 D

     
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  2. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

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    Paper 2

    1 Chloasma can be recognized by:
    White patches of skin
    Yellow patches of skin
    Red patches of skin with silvery scales
    Brown patches of skin

    2 The skin has the ability to absorb:
    Mineral oils
    Chemical substances
    Water
    Aqueous creams

    3 Which of the following can be found in the epidermis?
    Elastin Melanocytes
    Lymph vessels
    Sweat glands

    4 The dermal papilla can be found in the:
    Stratum germinativum
    Subcutaneous layer
    Layer between the epidermis and dermis
    At the base of the hair follicle

    5 The cells containing keratin can be found in which layer of the skin?
    Stratum Spinosum
    Dermis
    Stratum Granulosum
    Stratum Germinativum

    6 The action of the masseter muscle is to:
    Raise the lower jaw
    Raise the lips
    Flex the head
    Compress the nasal opening

    7 The pterygoids are:
    Bone
    Layer of skin
    Muscle
    Nerve

    8 The lymphatic system relies on the muscular system for:
    Leverage
    Movement
    Digestion
    Absorption

    9 The action of the biceps femoris is to:
    "Flex the hip, extend the knee"
    Abduct the leg
    "Extend the hip, flex the knee"
    Flex the arm

    10 The action of the gluteus medius is to:
    Rotate the femur
    Adduct and laterally rotate the femur
    Flex the femur
    Abduct and medially rotate the femur

    11 Endoplasmic reticulum: Is a protein factory
    Forms a network of canals
    Combines carbohydrates with protein compounds for energy
    Releases energy and forms adenosine triphosphate

    12 Mitosis is the process of:
    Cell structure
    Protection against UV light
    Eliminating toxins from the skin
    Cell division

    13 Areolar tissue is a type of:
    Connective tissue
    Epithelial tissue
    Nervous tissue
    Muscular tissue

    14 The functions of the areolar tissue include:
    "Protection, insulation"
    "Support, connection"
    "Stretch, recoil"
    "Lining, absorption"

    15 At the telophase stage of mitosis:
    Pairs of chromatids divide and identical halves of the pairs move to each end of the cell
    The spindle fibres disintegrate and the centrioles replicate.
    "Chromosomes arrange themselves at the centre of the cell, each attached to the spindle by its centromere"
    The centrosome divides in two

    16 Cancellous bone is found:
    On the outside of short bones
    In the shaft of long bones
    In the ends of long bones
    In an infected bone

    17 The common name for a zygomatic bone is:
    Jaw bone
    Cheek bone
    Forehead
    Skull bone

    18 The innominate bones are:
    The clavicle and scapula
    Sacrum and coccyx
    Pubis and femur
    Ilium and ischium

    19 The bones of the cranium include:
    "Parietal, occipital"
    "Palatine, nasal"
    "Maxilla, zygomatic"
    "Lacrimal, vomer"

    20 The elbow joint is a:
    Pivot joint
    Fixed joint
    Hinge joint
    Gliding joint

    21 The functions of the adrenal medulla hormones include:
    Regulation of salts in the body
    Maintenance of calcium levels in plasma
    Regulation of water absorption
    Prepares the body for 'fight or flight'

    22 The endocrine system works closely with the nervous sdystem to provide:
    Homeopathy
    Homeosapien
    Homeostasis
    Imbalance in the body

    23 Hyposecretion of vasopressin includes:
    Oedema
    High blood pressure
    Diabetes Insipidus
    Low blood pressure

    24 Hormones are carried in the:
    circulatory system
    Lymphatic system
    Nervous system
    Respiratory system

    25 Hypersecretion of thyroxin can cause:
    Graves disease
    Myxoedema
    Cretinism
    Dwarfism

    26 The function of the venules is to:
    Carry oxygenated blood from the capilleries to the larger veins
    Carry oxygenated blood from the larger veins to the capilleries
    Carry deoxygenated blood from the capilleries to the larger veins
    Carry deoxygenated blood from the larger veins to the capilleries

    27 Thrombocytes are:
    Cells that fight infection
    Cells that transport oxygen as oxyhaemoglobin
    Cells responsible for blood clotting
    Cells that form collagen

    28 Erythrocytes are:
    Cells that fight infection
    Cells that transport oxygen as oxyhaemoglobin
    Cells responsible for blood clotting
    Cells that form collagen

    29 The function of thrombocytes is to:
    Produce antibodies
    Protect the body from infection
    Eat bacteria and other micro-organisms
    Clot the blood

    30 The arteries and veins of the lower arm and hand include:
    "Digital, saphenous"
    "Cephalic, basilic"
    "Median, peronial"
    "Sciatic, humeral"

    31 Lymph is drained back into the bloodstream through the:
    Lymphatic capilleries
    Lymphatic nodes
    Lymphatic ducts
    Spleen

    32 The functions of the spleen include:
    Collect and drain lymph
    Transport excess waste away from the tissues
    Destroy thrombocytes
    Destroy lymphocytes

    33 The function of a lymph vessel is to:
    Work with the blood to collect and distribute waste
    Transport lymph to the arteries
    Transport lymph
    Transport lymph to the veins

    34 Lymph flow is hindered by:
    Muscular activity
    Arterial pulsation
    Infection
    Peristaltic action

    35 The cervical lymph nodes are situated:
    In front of the ear
    Behind the ear
    Under the chin
    On the neck

    36 The part of the nervous system which works closely with the respiratory system for inhalation is the:
    Cerebrum
    Cerebellum
    Medulla oblongata
    Spinal cord

    37 The sympathetic nervous system affects the heart by:
    Accelerating the action of the heart
    Constricting the flow of blood to the heart
    Slowing down the action of the heart
    Lowering blood pressure

    38 The brachial nerves supply the:
    "Muscles of the neck, shoulder and skin"
    "Skin and muscles of the lower abomen, thighs and groin"
    Muscles from the base of the neck to the fingertips and skin
    Chest muscles and the main part of the abdominal wall

    39 Neuralgia can be defined as:
    Shooting pains along the course of a nerve
    Pain down the back and outside of the thigh
    Disease of the basal ganglia
    Paralysis or weakness of one side of the face

    40 The muscular and nervous systems work together to:
    Control and coordinate movement
    Regulate body changes
    Protect
    Reproduce

    41 In the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle which hormone is produced:
    Progesterone
    Testosterone
    Follicle stimulating
    Luteinising

    42 Amenorrhoea is defined as:
    Constantly menstruating
    Painful menstruation
    Absence of menstruation
    Very heavy menstruation

    43 The function of the large intestine includes:
    Ingestion
    Indigestion
    Digestion
    Excretion

    44 Lipase digests:
    Starch
    proteins
    fats
    Carbohydrates

    45 Peptones are digested in the:
    Stomach
    Jejunum
    Duodenum
    Ileum

    46 Emphysema is:
    Inflammation of the lung tissuee
    Inflammation of the bronchial tubes
    Inflammation of the pleural lining of the lungs
    Loss of stretch and elasticity of the alveoli

    47 The structure of the pleura is:
    Yellow elastic connective tissue
    Areolar tissue Serous membrane
    Columnar epithelium tissue

    48 The functions of the trachea include:
    A collection of foreign matter or bacteria by the goblet secretory cells
    Act as a passageway between the larynx and pharynx
    To moisten and warm the air
    To allow exchange of gases to take place

    49 Define Bright's Disease
    Inflammation of the eye
    Inflammation of the kidney
    Inflammation of the bladder
    Inflammation of the liver

    50 Cystitis is defined as an:
    Inflammation of the urethra
    Inflammation of the kidney
    Inflammation of the ureter
    Inflammation of the bladder
     
  3. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

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    Paper 3

    2 The cause of Addison's Syndrome are:
    Hyposecretion of adrenocortical hormones
    Hyposecretion of the female sex hormones
    Hypersecretion of adrenocortical hormones
    Hypersecretion of the female sex hormones

    3 Oxygen is carried in the blood by:
    Leucocytes
    Thrombocytes
    Erythrocytes
    Lymphocytes

    6 The effects on the digestive system of the parasympathetic nervous system include:
    "Increase in secretion of pancreatic juices, micturition"
    "Increase in digestion, increase in excretion of pancreatic juices"
    "Delay in digestion, inhibition of secretion of digestive juices"
    "Inhibition of micturition, decreate in secretion of pancreatic juices"

    7 The knee joint is a:
    Pivot joint
    Hinge joint
    Gliding joint Ball and socket joint

    8 Cystitis is defined as inflammation of the:
    Urethra
    Kidney
    Ureter
    Bladder

    9 The enzymes trypsin can be found in the:
    Juices from the pancreas
    Bile from the gall bladder
    Juices from the stomach
    Bile from the liver

    2 A, 3 C, 6 B, 7 B, 8 D, 9 A

    Paper 7

    1 The tongue plays an important part in:
    "Digestion, mastication, swallowing"
    "Ingestion, taste, digestion"
    "Mastication, elimination, swallowing"
    "Swallowing, mastication, taste"

    2 Ingestion takes place in the:
    Stomach
    Small intestine
    Mouth
    Large intestine

    3 The action of pepsin is to:
    Curdle milk
    Break down proteins into peptones
    Break down polypeptides into amino acids
    Break down polysaccharides into disaccharides

    4 A deficiency of Vitamin K causes:
    Anaemia Lack of energy
    Haemorrhage
    Diarrhoea

    5 Which enzyme does hydrochloric acid activate?
    Trypsin
    Rennin
    Lactase
    Pepsin

    6 At the interphase stage of mitosis:
    Pairs of chromatids divide and identical halves of the pairs move to each end of the cell.
    The spindle fibres disintegrate and the centrioles replicate
    "Chromosomes arrange themselves at the centre of the cell, each attached to the spindle by its centromere"
    The cell is resting

    7 The function of adipose tissue is to:
    Enable stretch and recoil
    Connect and support other tissues
    Protect and insulate the body
    Help support and move the body

    8 Areolar tissue is a type of:
    Connective tissue
    Epithelial tissue
    Nervous tissue
    Muscular tissue

    9 Endoplasmic reticulum: Is a protein factory
    Forms a network of canals
    Combines carbohydrates with protein compounds for energy
    Releases energy and forms adenoisine triphosphate

    10 A ligament connects:
    Bone to bone
    Muscle to muscle
    Muscle to bone
    Muscle to skin

    11 Lymph is drained back into the blood stream through the:
    Lymphatic capillaries
    Lymphatic nodes
    Lymphatic ducts
    Spleen

    12 The functions of the lymph nodes include:
    Act as a biological filter
    Increase water content of lymph
    Transport oxygen
    Regulate body temperature
    A

    13 The submandibular nodes are situated:
    In front of the ear
    Behind the ear
    Under the jaw bond
    On the neck

    14 The function of a lumph vessel is to :
    Work with blood to collect and distribute waste
    Transport lymph to arteries
    Transport lymph
    Transport lymph to veins

    15 The digestive and lymphatic systems work together to:
    Aid in the digestion of carbohydrates
    Aid the elimination of carbohydrates
    Aid in the digestion of fats
    Aid the elimination of fats

    16 Control of the balance and co-ordination are functions of the:
    Pons varolii
    Cerebral cortex
    Medulla oblongata
    Cerebellum

    17 The effects of the parasympathetic nervous system include:
    "Increase in the secretion of pancreatic juices, micturition, delay in digestion"
    "Increase in digestion, increase in excretion of pancreatic juices, micturition"
    "Delay in digestion, inhibition of secretion of digestive juices, inhibition of micturition"
    "Increase in digestion, inhibition of micturition, decrease in secretion of pancreatic juices"

    18 The fifth cranial nerve is the:
    Optic nerve
    Trochlea nerve
    Trigeminal nerve
    Facial nerve

    19 The nervous system overworks in times of stress causing:
    Decreased heart rate
    Low blood pressure
    Sciatica
    Muscle tension

    20 The functions of the myelin sheath include:
    To help regenerate nerve cells
    To transmit nerve impulses away from the cell body
    To speed up nerve conduction
    To slow down nerve conduction

    21 Which of the following statements is true?
    The right lung consists of three distinct lobes
    Tidal volue is greater than vital capacity
    The pulmonary ateries carry oxygenated blood away from the lungs
    The walls of the alveoli are lined with transitional epithelium

    22 The trachea is made of:
    Incomplete rings of yellow elastic tissue
    Incomplete rings of hyaline cartilage
    Complete rings of yellow elastic tissue
    Complete rings of hyaline cartilage

    23 Which of the following is not a function of the skin:
    Waterproofing
    Fat storage
    Vitamin D production
    Vitamin E production

    24 The epidermis contains:
    Hair papillae
    Blood vessels
    Melanocytes
    Adipose cells

    25 Acne vulgaris is:
    Congenital
    Viral
    Fungal Bacterial

    26 Erthrocytes are cells that:
    Fight infection Transport oxygen as oxyhaemoglobin
    Are responsible for blood clotting
    Cells that form collagen

    27 The characteristics of arteries include:
    "Thick walled, small lumen"
    Transport blood to the heart
    "Thin walled, think lumen"
    "Thin walled, large lumen"

    28 The arteries and veins of the lower arm and hand include:
    "Digital, saphenous"
    "Cephalic, basilic"
    "Median, peroneal"
    "Sciatic, humeral"

    29 The release of noradrenaline causes:
    Vasoconstriction
    Vasodilation
    Dilation of muscle fibres
    Accelerates conversion of glycogen to glucose

    30 The cause of Cushing's Disease inlcude the:
    Hyposecretion of glucocorticoid hormones
    Hyposecretion of adrenocorical hormones
    Hypersecretion of glucocorticoid hormones
    Hypersecretion of adrenocortical hormones

    31 The posterior lobe of the pituitary gland secretes the following hormones:
    "Oestrogen, prolactin"
    "Corticosteroids, follicle stimulating"
    "Thyrotropin, human growth"
    "Vasopressin, oxytocin"

    32 Hypersecretion of the thyroid gland can cause:
    Dwarfism
    Graves disease
    Cretinism
    Myxoedema

    33 Hormones are carried in the:
    Circulatory system
    Lymphatic system
    Nervous system
    Respiratory system

    34 The action of the infraspinatus muscle is to:
    Rotate the arm inwards
    Adduct the arm
    Rotate the arm outwards
    Abduct the arm

    35 Which of the following statements is true?
    A concentric contraction involves shortening of the muscle
    An eccentric contraction partically moves through a contraction
    An isotonic contraction is a static contraction with no movement
    An isometric contraction involves lengthening of a muscle

    36 Define muscle fatigue:
    Inability to relax a muscle
    Inability of a muscle to contract
    Inability of a muscle to sustain relaxation
    Inability of a muscle to sustain a contraction

    37 The origin of the sartorius muscle is: Tuberosity of the ischium
    Pubis
    Linea aspera
    Anterior superior
    iliac spine

    38 The insertion of the trapezius muscle is:
    Vertebral border of the scapula
    Occipital bone and thoracic vertebrae
    Clavicle and spine of scapula
    Bicipital groove of the humerus

    39 Which structure is common to both the urinary and reproductive system in the male?
    Ureters
    Testes
    Urethra
    Bladder

    40 Lordosis is defined as:
    Exaggerated inward curvature of the spine
    Sideways curvature of the spine
    Exagerrated outward curvature of the spine
    Porosity and brittleness of bones

    41 The bones of the cranium include:
    "Parietal, occipital"
    "Palatine, nasal"
    "Maxilla, zygomatic"
    "Lacrimal, vomer"

    42 A saddle joint allows:
    "Flexion, extension, adduction, circumduction"
    No movement
    "Abduction, adduction, flexion, extension, rotation"
    "Plantarflexion, extension, circumduction, supination"

    43 The minerals that bones store include:
    Magnesium
    Zinc
    Phosphorus
    Iron

    44 Cancellous bone is found:
    On the outside of short bones
    In the shafts of long bones
    In the ends of long bones
    In infected bones

    45 Define cystitis
    Inflammation of the urethra
    Inflammation of the kidney
    Inflammation of the ureter
    Inflammation of the bladder

    Paper 7 Answers

    1 D,2 C,3 B, 4 C, 5D, 6D, 7 C, 8 A, 9 B, 10 a, 11 c, 12 a, 13 c, 14 c, 15 c, 16 d, 17 b, 18 c, 19 d, 20 c, 21 a, 22 b, 23 d, 24 c, 25 d, 26 b, 27 a, 29 a, 30 c, 31 d, 32 b, 33 a, 34 c, 35 a, 36 d, 37 d, 38 c, 39 c, 40 a, 41 a, 42 a, 43 a, 44 c, 45 d
     
  4. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

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    Paper 14

    1 Where is DNA contained?

    2 At what stage of mitosis does the nucleolus disappear?

    3 Which of the following statements is true?
    Skin absorbs chemicals through the dermis
    Skin is a waterproof barrier
    Skin absorbs water through the epidermis
    Skin is non-waterproof

    4 Which systems regulate the temperature of the body?
    Blood supply and Sebaceaous glands
    Blood supply and sweat glands
    Blood supply only

    5 What are the symptoms of Urticaria?

    6 What are the symptoms of Excema?

    7 How many vertebrae are there in the spine?

    8 " What type of joint does the Tibia, Fibula and Talus form?"

    9 Which of the following is an example of a short bone?

    10 Which muscle closes the mouth?

    11 Which muscle do you use when coughing?

    12 Which muscle flexes the hip and rotates the femur medially?
    Possibly iliopsoas

    13 Which muscle do you use when opening a door handle?

    14 Which type of cell is a biconcave disc with no nucleus?

    15 The veins form which organs do not form part of the Hepatic-portal?
    Stomach
    Spleen
    Pancreas
    Caecum

    16 What is the wall between the two sides of the heart called?

    17 Which vein goes to the kidneys?

    18 Which endocrine gland is related to the kidneys?

    19 What does lymphatic tissue do?
    Filter and destroy harmful bacteria
    Produce Anti-bodies
    Produce Lymphocytes
    Absorb fatty droplets

    20 How many cervical nerves are there?

    21 How many lumbar nerves are there?

    22 Which system does acetylcholine work with? Not sure on the wording of this one
    23 Which condition affects the face only?
    Bells palsey
    Parkinsons
    Neuritus
    Neuralgia

    24 Wher is the pineal gland situated?

    25 Which disease causes Atrophy and Weakness?
    Graves disease
    Cushings disease
    Cretinism
    Addison's disease

    26 Where does fertilisation take place?

    27 What does the lobes of the breast produce?

    28 Which of the following does not break down carbohydrates?
    Maltase
    Sucrase
    Lactase
    Lipase

    29 What does the trachea do?

    30 Which of the following is not stored by the liver?
    Vitamin A
    Vitamin K
    Vitamin B12
    Vitamin B6

    31 Which Sphincter is at the opening of the small intestine?

    32 Which organ does not contain Lymphatic tissue?

    Paper 8

    1 Which artery contains deoxygenated blood
    a.Aorta
    Pulmonary
    c.None
    d.Saphenous

    2 What is small vain called?
    Arteriole
    Venule
    Vena
    d.Capillary

    3 What blood vessels lead directly away from capillaries?
    a.Arterioles
    Lymph vessels
    c.Veins
    d.Venules

    4 What vain drains the back of the head
    Palmer
    Temporal
    c.Mandibular
    d.Occipital

    5 Into what does the right lymphatic duct enter?
    a.The heart
    Right subscapular vein
    c.Left Subclavian vain
    d.Right Subsclavian vain

    6 What artery supplies the chin
    a.Temporal
    Facial c.Maxillary
    d.Mandibular

    7 What is the name of aorta that heads down to the trunk
    a.Aortic arch
    Mesenteric aorta
    c.Descending aorta
    d.ascending aorta

    8 Which blood vessels has the smallest lumen
    a.Venule
    Artery
    c.Vein
    d.Capillary

    9 Which blood vessel is the most elastic
    a.Vein Artery
    c.arteriole
    d.venule

    10 Which organ is supplied by the renal artery
    a.Spleen
    Kidney
    Liver
    d.Stomach

    11 How many red blood cells at a time can pass trough capillaries
    a.One
    5.000.000
    c.None
    d.Two

    12 By what process does CO2 pass from cells to the blood
    a.Pinocytosis
    Diffusion
    c.Osmosis
    d.Phagocytosis

    13 Which chamber of the heart pumps oxygenated blood arround
    Bottom right
    Top left
    c.Top right
    d.Bottom left

    14 What blood vesels come from the lungs to the heart
    a.Pulmonary arteries
    Pulmonary arteries and pulmonary vains
    c.Pulmonary vains
    d.Aorta

    15 What type of blood does the pulmonary vains carry
    RH neg
    Deoxygenated
    c.Oxygenated
    d.Blue

    16 The tunica adventica makes up which layer of blood vessels?
    a.Outer layer
    Mid layer
    c.Inner layer
    d.Pericardium

    17 The main wall of artries and vains is made from wich tissue
    a.Elastin
    fibrous collagen
    c.Endothelium
    d.Muscle and elastic

    18 Which vain carries blood from the small intestinw to the liver before going to the heart
    a.Pancreatic vain
    hepatic vain
    c.Hepatic portal vain
    d.Renal and hepatic vain

    19 What name is given to small vains leaving the lissue
    Lymph capillries
    Lymphatics
    c.Venule
    d.Capillaries

    20 The outer layer (tunica adventitiof an artery is composed of what
    a.Epitelial tissue
    Adipose tissue
    c.connective tissue
    d.nerve tissue

    21 The outer layer of an artery called the tunica intima is composed of what
    a.simple squamous epitelium
    adipose fat
    c.musscle tissue
    d.stratified squamous epithelium

    22 tha outer layer of an artery caontains collagen and what other fibresa
    a.Muscle fibres
    Elastic fibres
    c.cartilage
    d.fat

    23 The inner layer of an artery composed of simple squamous epitelium is called what
    a.membrane
    varicose tissue
    c.serous membrane
    d.endothelium

    24 Vains that loose their elasticity trough strtching are said to be what
    a.stretched
    elongated
    c.not elasticised
    d.varicose

    25 which white cells give rise to the immune response which involves a memory of an ancounter
    All leucocytes
    Erythrocytes
    c.Lymphocytes
    d.Thrombocytes

    26 which lymhocytes are produced in the bone marrow of an infant
    a.Red lymhocytes
    T-lymhocytes
    c.B-lymhocytes
    d.Monocytes

    27 T-lymhocytes mature into T-cells in which organ of the child
    a.small intestine
    tonsils
    c.Thymus gland
    d.spleen

    28 Vaccines act as a harmless antigen to stimulate the production of what aginst a specific disease
    a.neutrophilis
    antybodies
    c.monocytes
    hormones

    29 "what does an antigen-antibody structure cause, when activating cells which produce histamine"
    a.red face
    paleness
    cfaint
    d.allergy

    30 What do we call an intense allergic reaction thet can cause collapse or death
    a.autoimmute reaction
    anaphylactic reaction
    c.a reflex action
    d.cushin's syndrome

    31 What type of immunity involves administering antibodies produces by someone else
    a.passive immunity
    active immunity
    c.natural immunity
    d.acquired immunity

    32 What type of immunity involves producing immunity by stimulating antibodies to vaccines
    a.active immunity
    acquired immunity
    c.passive immunity
    d.natural immunity

    33 Antibodies that have been produced in responce to exposure to the actual disease is known
    a.passive immunity
    active immunity
    c.natural immunity
    d.acquired immunity

    34 What type of immunity indicates that protection has been brought about by vaccinatoin
    a.acquired immunity
    natural immunity
    c.active immunity
    d.passive immunity

    35 which lymph organ destoys bacteria and worn out red blood cells and platelets
    a.Peyer's patches
    Liver
    c.Thoracic duct
    d.spleen

    36 What disease is characterised by the body not recognising some of its own chemical structures
    a.Hodgkin's
    lymphoma
    c.cancer
    d.Autoimmune disease

    37 what antibodies does group A blood plasma carry
    a.anti A-antibodies
    anti B -antibodies
    c.anti A and B antibodies
    d.neither

    38 which blood groups plasma carries both anti A and anti B antibodies
    a.Group A
    Group A and B
    c.Group 0
    d.Group AB

    39 If during blood transfusion group A is given to a person with group B or group O the transfusion will be what
    a.successful
    Reds cells of both groups will be damaged
    c.Only the patient from group B will be damaged
    d.Only the patient from group O will be damaged

    40 What blood group has B present but A absent
    a.Group AB
    Group A
    c.Group B
    Group O

    41 What special factor or antigen do most people carry
    a.factor c
    blue blood
    c.rhesus factor
    d.anti D

    42 People carry the rhesus antigen are said to be what
    a.RH positive
    RH neg
    c.Haemophiliacs
    d.carrying hepatitis

    43 Which membrane containing a watery fluid surrounds the heart
    a.cardiac notch
    endocardium
    pericardium
    d.cardioac sphinter

    44 of what type of tissue is the heart mainly composed
    a.connective
    voluntary
    c.cardiac muscle tissue
    d.visceral

    45 What is plasma accuring outside of the blood vessels known as
    tissue fluid
    serum
    lymph
    d.factor d

    46 what is tissue fluid inside a lymphatic capillary called
    a.capillary tissue fluid
    chyle
    c.lymph
    d.lymph ducts

    47 what structures help to drain excess fliud and waste products from the tissue spaces
    a.lymph nodes
    lymph vessels
    lymph capillaries
    d.lymph ducts

    48 what filter out ingested bacteria and other potentially dangerous foreign bodies from lymph
    lymph nodes
    lymphatics
    c.thymus glands
    d.chyle

    49 what is present to make lymphatic vessels appear to be
    knotted
    clotting agent
    bacteria
    lymph valves
    d.lymph nodes

    50 what name is given to the two major drainage vessels of the lymph system
    the thoracic ducts
    right lymphatic duct
    c.right lymph duct and thoracic duct
    d.cisterna chili

    51 which lymphatic duct drains the left side of the body including both legs
    a.left lymphatic duct
    right thoracic duct
    c.Right lymphatic duct
    d.thoracic duct

    52 the thoracic duct begins at a swollen sac called what
    a.Payer'r patches
    Cisterna chili
    c.axillary node
    d.inguinal node

    53 Into what does the thoracic duct empty
    a.right subclavian vein
    Left subclavian vein
    c.Carotid artery
    d.internal jugular veins

    54 the subclavian veins are beneath which bones
    a.Vertebrae
    sternum and ribs
    c.scapula
    d.collar bones

    55 The flow of lymph from tissue to large lymphatic ducts is mainly due to the action of what
    a.expiration
    Skeletal muscles
    c.hormones
    d.heart rate

    Paper 8 Answers

    1 , 2 B, 3 D, 4 , 5 D, 6 B, 7 C, 8 D, 9 B, 10 B, 11 A, 12 B, 13 d, 14c, 15 c, 16 a, 17 d, 18 c,
    D, 14 C, 15 C, 16 A,17 d, 18 c, 19 c, 20 c, 21 a, 22 b, 23 d, 24 d, 25 c, 26 b, 27 c, 28 b, 29 d, 30 b, 31 a, 32 A, 33 c, 34 a, 35 d, 37 b, B, 38 C 39 B, 40 C, 41 C, 42 A, 43 C,44 C, 45 A, 46 C, 47 C, 48 A, 49 C, 50 C, 51 C, 52 B, 53 B, 54 D, 55 B
     
  5. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

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    Paper 9

    1 How long do cels from the stratum germinativum take to reach the surface of the skin?
    5- 7 days
    12 - 14 days
    19 - 21 days
    28 - 30 days

    2 Which skin condition is characterised by irregular areas of increased pigmentation oftem as a result of pregnancy?
    vitiligio
    chloasma
    papilloma
    erythema

    3 Which of the following can be found in the epidermis?
    lymph vessels
    elastin malanocytes
    sweat glands

    4 The skin has the ability to absorb
    mineral oils
    chemical substances
    water
    ageous oils

    5 The cells containing keratin can be found in which layer of the skin?
    stratum spinosum
    stratum germinitivum
    stratum granulosum
    dermis

    6 The action of the orbicularis oris is to
    close the eyes
    pout lips as in kissing
    draw the eyebrows inwards
    smiling

    7 which muscle lies deep to gatrocnemius
    tibialis anterior
    peroneous longus
    soleus
    extensor digitorium longus

    8 the hamstring muscles are
    "rectus femoris, semitendinosus and semimembranosus"
    "biceps femoris, semimembranosus and semitendinosus"
    "adductor brevis, adductor longus and adductor magnus"
    "rectus femoris, vastus lateralis and vastus medialis"
    8.b

    9 Atrophy is?
    lack of muscle tome or tension in a muscle
    painful localised and involuntary contraction of one or more muscles
    c)muscle fibres contract for much longer than necessary wasting away o
    failure to reach normal size or bulk of muscle

    10 A ligament
    connects bone to bone
    connects muscle to bone
    connects muscle to ligaments
    connects bone to ligaments

    11 Endoplasmic reticulum
    forms protein
    forms network of canals
    releases energy in the form of ATP
    carries chromosomes

    12 Aerolar tissue is a type of
    nervous tissue
    epithelial tissue
    connective tissue
    muscular tissue

    13 Hyaline cartridge
    reduces priction and absorbs shock at joints
    is flexible and readily springs back into shape
    enables organs to slide freely against each other to prevent friction
    cushion and lubricated the end of bones

    14 At the telophase stage of mitosis
    the centrosomes divides into 2 centrioles
    the spindle fibres disintegrate and the centrioles replicate
    "the contrsomes arrange themselves at the centre of the cell, each attached to the spindle by its centromere"
    the cell is resting

    15 ciliated epithelium
    lines ost of the digestive tract
    lines the bladder and ureters
    forms the top 5 layers of the skin
    lines the respiratory passages

    16 the innominate bones are
    clavicle and scapula
    sacrum and coccyx
    pubis
    ilium and ischium

    17 the bones of the cranium include
    parietal and occipital
    palatine and nasal
    mailla and zygomatic
    "lacrimal, vomer"

    18 the shoulder joint is a
    saddle joint
    gliding joing
    ball and socket joint
    hinge joint

    19 cancellousbone is found
    on the outside of short bones
    in the shaft of long bones
    in the ends of long bones
    in an infected bone

    20 which of these is part of the appendicular skeleton
    skull
    vertebral column
    ribs
    pelvic girdle

    21 the endocrine system works closeley with the nervous system to provide homeostatis
    homeopathy
    imbalance in the body
    homesapien

    22 Hyposecretion of vasopressin includes
    oedema
    high blood pressure
    diabetes insipidus
    low blood pressure

    23 Hormones are carried in the
    ciculatory system
    lymphatic system
    nervous system
    respiratory system

    24 Hypersecretion of gluco-corticoids causes
    addisons disease
    cushings syndrome
    polycystic ovaries
    d)hirsutism

    25 The pancreas secretes hormones which
    regulate water absorbtion
    regulate mineral balance
    regulate calcium balance
    regulate glucose balance

    26 Thrombocytes are
    cells that fight infection
    cells that transport oxygen as oxyhaemoglobin
    cells responsible for clotting
    cells that form collagen

    27 The arteries and veins of the lower arm and hand include
    "digital, saphenous"
    "cephalic, basilic"
    "median, sciatic"
    "humeral, radial"

    28 Arteriosclerosis is
    a build up of fats inside the arteries
    a degenerative disease of the arteries
    reduction in the ability to carry oxygen
    blood's inability to clot

    29 Arteries
    carry oxygenated blood: they have thick muscular walls
    carry deoxygenates blood; they have thick muscular walls
    lie deep in the tissues; they contain valves
    run alongside veins; have thin walls

    30 the function of venules is to:
    carry oxygenated blood from the capillaries to the larger veins
    carry oxygenated blood from the larger veings to the capillaries
    carry deoxygenated blood from the capillaries to the larger veins
    carry deoxygenated blood from the larger veins to the capillaries

    31 The lympatic nodes located in the crease of the elbow are called
    auricular nodes
    supratrochlear nodes
    submandibular nodes
    inguinal nodes

    32 Lymph is drained back into the blood stream through the
    spleen lymphatic nodes
    lymphatic capillaries
    lymphatic ducts

    33 The function of the lacteals in the lining of the small intestine is to
    carry digested fat
    absorb water
    filter lymph
    make lympocytes

    34 which of the following areas contain lymphatic tissue
    tonsils and appendix
    appendix and liver
    tonsils and adrenal glands
    adrenal glands and spleen

    35 the funtions of the spleen include
    collect and drain lymph
    transport excess waste away from the tissue
    destroy thrombocytes
    destroy lymphocytes

    36 the part of the nervous system which works closeley with the respiratory system for inhalation is the
    spinal cord
    cerebrum
    cerebellum
    medulla oblongata

    37 the brachial nerves supply
    chest muscles and main part of the abdominal wall
    "skin and muscles of lower abdomen, thighs and groin"
    muscles and skin from base of neck to fingertips
    muscles and skin of neck and shoulder

    38 which one of the following is the fatty covering of an axon
    neuroglia
    neurilemma
    myelin sheath
    adipose tissue

    39 white matter is found
    on the outise of the brain and inside of the spinal cord
    on the outise of the brain only
    on the inside of the brain and outisde of the spinal cord
    on the outside of the spinal cord only

    40 bells plasy is
    bouts of burning or stabbing pain along the nerve
    pain down back and outisde of thigh
    facial paralysis caused by injury or infection of facial nerve
    blood poisening

    41 which one of the following is a function of the vas deferens
    a)acts as a passageway for sperm
    carries testosterone to the blood stream
    acts as a site for immature sperm to develop
    acts now as a passagewayor semen and urine

    42 human ovulation normally occurs every
    14 days
    28days
    40 days
    60 days

    43 the function of the large intestine includes
    ingestion
    indegestion
    digestion
    excretion

    44 Trypsin digests
    starch
    proteins
    fats
    carbohydrates

    45 peptones are digested in the
    stomach
    jejunum
    diodenum
    ileum

    46 the epiglottis
    closed trachea when swollowing
    closes oesophagus during breathing
    prevents the trachea from collapsing
    closes the nasal cavity when swollowing

    47 the membranes surrounding the lungs comprise of
    the pericardium
    periosteum
    pleura
    perichondrium

    48 Emphysema is
    inflammation of the lung tissue
    inflammation of the bronchial tubes
    inflammation of the pleural lining of the lungs
    loss of stretch and elasticity of the alveoli

    49 which of the following is the part of the kidney which acts as a filter
    loop of henle
    glomerular capsule
    collecting tubule
    the renal pelvis

    50 another name for nephritis is
    addisons disease
    cystitis
    bright's deisease
    S.A.D.
    1 d, 2 b, 3 c, 4 b, 5c, 6 b,7 c, 8 b, 9d, 10 a, 11 b, 12 c, 13a, 14 b, 15 d, 16 d, 17 a, 18 c, 19 c, 20 d, 21 a, 22 c, 23 a, 24 b, 25 d, 26 c, 27 b, 29 a, 30 c, 31 b, 32 d, 33 a, 34 a, 35 c, 36 d, 37 c, 38 c, 39, c, 40 c, 41 a, 42 b, 43 d, 44 b, 45 a, 46 a, 47 c, 48 d, 49 b, 50 c


    1 Which of the following is NOT found in the epidermis:
    sweat gland
    keratin
    hair follicle
    melanin

    2 Where is the frontal bone?
    chest
    forehead
    leg
    shoulder

    3 Which is the 2nd cervical bone?
    atlas
    axis
    neck
    tibia

    4 What links the liver to the circulatory system?
    alcohol content
    biliousness
    plasma
    proteins
    the digestion

    5 Which disease results in muscular atrophy & weakness?
    Graves
    Addisons
    Cushings
    Edwards

    6 What is the action of the sternocleidomastoid?
    extends & rotates head
    flexes & rotates head
    bends neck from side to side
    abducts the mastoid

    7 Which muscle adducts & flexes the humerus?
    flexor carpi digitorum
    pronator teres
    coracobrachialis
    triceps

    8 What is the action of the rectus femoris?
    flexes the knee & extends the hip
    flexes the hip & extends the knee
    medially rotates the pronated ankle
    flexes the hip & big toe

    9 What is cancer of the lymphatic tissue called?
    leukemia
    hodgkinsons
    squamous cell
    carcinoma
    brights

    10 Which skin condition presents with a red itchy rash
    urticaria
    eczema
    acne rosacea
    chloasma

    11 Eczema is
    congenital
    bacterial
    viral
    fungal

    12 The spindle threads of the centrioles divide to form new centromeres & the cell membrane begins to constrict
    during interphase
    at the end of anaphase
    at the end of metaphase
    during telophase

    13 When does the nucleolus disappear?
    during metaphase
    during telophase
    at the end of prophase
    at the end of anaphase

    14 Where is FSH produced?
    pituitary
    thyroid
    adrenal gland
    ovaries

    15 Where is thyroxin produced? anterior pituitary
    thymus
    thyroid
    adrenal
    medulla

    16 A fracture in which the broken bone pierces the skin is called
    impacted
    comminuted
    compound
    complicated

    17 An exaggerated inward curvature of the spine is
    kyphosis
    hunchbackism
    lordosis
    kypholordosis

    18 What disease causes porosity & brittleness of bones
    osteoarthritis
    osteopathy
    osteoporosis
    stress fracture

    19 Which part of the heart is the first to receive deoxygenated blood?
    right atrium
    right entricle
    left atrium
    left ventricle

    20 What takes deoxygenated blood from capillaries to the larger veins?
    venules
    arterioles
    mini veins
    arteries

    21 ?

    22 What disease is cased by the build up of fats?
    artherosclerosis
    arteriosclerosis
    atherosclerosis
    arterial obesity

    23 Lymphatic vessels
    bathe tissue n fluid
    take lymph to nodes
    add lymphocytes to blood
    filter lymph

    24 Which of the following does NOT help lymph to circulate:
    cold
    warmth
    suction
    skeletal muscle contraction

    25 Urticaria is caused by:
    allergy
    hormonal imbalance
    a rash
    nettles

    26 Posture is subconsciously controlled by the
    cerebrum
    cerebellum
    pons varolii
    medula oblongata

    27 Which disorder involves the multiple growth of cysts & may cause infertility?
    uterine cyst syndrome
    polycystic ovarian syndrome
    stress
    cystic fibrosis

    28 Breast size is determined by the amount of which tissue present:
    lymphatic
    areolar
    glandular
    adipose

    29 Which of the following is true:
    the bronchi get increasingly smaller as they approach the bronchioles
    bronchioles take air to the alveoli
    the trachea is responsible for breathing
    the trachea takes air to the bronchi via the larynx

    30 The paranasal sinuses are lined with:
    ciliated epithelium
    cuboidal epithelium
    serous membrane
    mucous membrane

    31 Sensations are perceived by
    the cerebellum
    the brain stem
    the medulla oblongata
    the cerebrum


    what type of disorder is a verucca?
    Bacterial
    congential
    fungal
    Viral

    what type of disorder is ecxcema?
    Viral
    Bacterial
    Congenital
    Fungal
     
  6. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

    Joined:
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    wht is urticaria a reaction to?
    an allergy
    an inflammation of the hair follicle
    a hormone imbalance
    a virus

    where do capillaries arise from
    arterioles
    arteries
    venules
    veins

    which of the following is a def. of abduction
    palm of hand down
    sole of foot inwards
    decrease in angle between bone and joint
    movement of the bone away from the midline of the body or limb


    where would you find triangularis
    corner of mouth
    in the hand
    in the foot
    corner of eye

    def. of plantarflexion
    point toes down point toes up
    turn palm down
    turn palm up

    what muscle draws shoulder forward and roates scapula
    rhomboid mahor
    trapiezus
    serratus anterior
    latissimus dorsi

    what muscle lifts trunk after sitting
    Gluteus Maximus
    Gluteus Minimus
    Gluteus Medius
    Biceps Femoris

    what tissue is protective and insulating
    epithelial
    areolar adipose white fibrous

    function of blood tissue
    absorb shock
    transport food and 02
    support and protect
    produce movement

    where would u find the genetic code
    mithochondria
    nucleus
    nucleoulus
    endoplasmic reticulum

    what does not contain yellow elastic ( i said spleen am i rite?)
    spleen stomach bladder aorta

    what tissue is connecting and supporting other tissues
    areolar
    adipose
    yellow elastic
    white fibrous

    what type of bone is a sternum
    flat
    long
    short
    irregular

    what is another name for scapula
    cheek bone
    collar bone
    shoulder blade
    breast bone

    what direction of the spine for lordosis
    inward curvature of the spine
    outward curvature of the spine
    sidewards curvature of the spine
    porous and brittleness

    name a bone in the foot
    tibia
    talus
    hamate
    radius

    what is another name for clavicle
    breast bone
    collar bone
    shoulder blade
    lower jaw

    malfunction of which hormone gives a jet lagged feeling?
    adrenaline
    parathoromone
    oxytocin
    malatonin

    hypersecreaion of throyxin causes
    graves disease
    cretinism
    myxoedema
    dwarfism

    antidirectic hormone works with
    kidneys
    bladder
    liver
    heart

    what secretes calcitonin
    pineal
    thymus
    parathyroid
    throid

    artert tht suplies head and neck
    jugular
    common carotid
    mesenteric
    subclavian

    function of venule
    carry oxy. blood from artery to vein
    carry deoxy. blood from vein to artery
    carry deoxy. blood from capillary to vein
    carry oxy. blood from capillary to vein

    the hepatic artery feeds?
    kidney
    stomach
    brain
    liver

    apart from spleen what does the splenic artery feed?
    gall bladder
    kidney
    stomach
    pancreas

    main artery in arm
    axillary
    brachial
    cephalic
    radial

    lymphocytes not found in
    digestive system
    muscular
    central nervous system
    respiratory system

    wht isnt a function of lymph node

    posterior auricular node is where?

    if the spleen did not gilter wht wud happ
    get a headache
    low bp
    sceticeamenia
    diabetes

    thoracia duct drains
    left subclavian
    right subclavian
    superior vena cava
    inferior vena cava

    function of sensory nerve

    how many pairs of spinal nerves
    27
    30
    31
    33

    wht speed us a nerve conduction

    myelin sheeth

    wht part of brain is for balance

    function of spinal nerve

    where is the cervix

    function of cervix

    function of large intestine

    HCl activates wht

    wht part of nervous system deals with inhalation

    where would u find chemoreceptors

    what does the urinary system rely on skin to do

    % of water in urine

     
  7. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

    Joined:
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    1 Which of the following is a bacterial disease?
    Tinea corporis
    Folliculitis
    Warts
    Eczema

    2 What is the function of fibroblasts?
    produce histamine
    produce white blood cells
    produce collagen
    produce perspiration

    3 example of fungal disease
    eczema
    tinea corporis
    folliculitis
    chloasma

    4 what do mast cells produce?
    histamine
    sebum
    perspiration
    pigment

    5 which is a viral disease?
    herpes simplex

    psoriasis
    tinea pedis
    impetigo

    6 cause of fibrositis
    arthritis in muscles and tension of legs
    sustained involuntary contraction of muscle
    build up of lactic acid
    overstretching of a muscle causing soreness

    7 atrophy of muscle tissue is
    lack of normal tone or tension
    build up of lactic acid
    wasting away of bulk muscle tone
    injury or damage of muscle tissue

    8 which if not used when chewing food?
    masseter
    buccinator
    temporalis
    mentalis

    9 what does overcontraction of muscle cause?
    muscle atrophy
    muscle fatigue
    sprain
    tone

    10 what is myositis?
    inflammation of muscle
    tear in fascia build up of lactic acid
    sudden twist of joint ligament

    11 where do you find transitional tissue?
    heart
    inside mouth
    oesophagus
    bladder

    12 what is correct for yellow elastic tissue?
    is in lung tissue
    forms lymphatic cells
    protects and insulated
    forms ligaments

    13 chemical in nucleus that carries genes
    debonucleus acid
    deoxyrebonuclus acid
    adenome disphosphate
    adenome triphosphate

    14 membrane that lubricates ends of bones
    mucus
    synoval
    serous
    cell

    15 organelles that combines polysaccharides with
    protein compounds for use as energy
    endoplastic reticulum lysosone
    mitrochondria
    golgi apparatus

    16 Kyphosis caused by
    lateral curve of spine
    round shoulders
    hollow back
    uneven scapulae

    17 a simple fracture is
    bone broken in one place
    bone broken in several places
    damaged surrounding tissue
    pierced skin

    18 which is not a function of the skeletal system?
    store calcium
    store hormones
    form erythrocytes in bone marrow
    form joints to provide movement

    19 how many pairs of ribs?
    8
    10
    12
    14

    20 Lordosis is
    inward curve
    sideways curve
    outward curve
    porosity and brittleness of bones

    21 gland that controls calcium levels in blood
    thyroid
    parathyroid
    thymus
    pineal

    22 where is oxytoxin produced?
    anterior lobe of pituitary
    posterior lobe of pituitary
    pineal
    thyroid

    23 secretions from adrenal medulla
    interstitial cell stimulating hormone
    aldersterone
    gonadrotrophins
    noradrenalin

    24 nervous system that controls endocrine system
    cerebellum
    hypothalamus
    medulla oblongata
    cerebrum

    25 disease giving moon shaped face is
    cushings disease
    addisons disease
    graves disease
    acronilacy

    26 chamber the aorta exits is
    right ventricle
    left ventricle
    right atrium
    left atrium

    27 phlebitis is
    enlarged vein in rectum
    inflammation of a vein
    blood clot
    blood's inability to clot

    26 haemophilia is enlarged veins in rectum
    blood clot
    blood's inability to clot
    inflammation of a vein

    29 " apart from the spleen, what does the splenic artery feed?"
    gallbladder
    kidney
    bladder
    pancreas

    30 what is the main vein in arm?
    basilic
    radial
    femoral
    ulna

    31 what does not contain lymphatic tissue?
    spleen
    tonsils
    large intestine
    appendix

    32 where is occipital lymphatic node?
    under chin
    back of head
    front of ear
    back of ear

    33 what is the lymph node behind the knee called?
    supatrochlear
    inguinal
    popleteal
    axillary

    34 where is the appendix attached?
    to the large intestine
    to the small intestine
    ????
    to the gallbladder


    35 lymphatic capillaries are similar to
    arteries
    arterioles
    venules
    venous capillaries

    36 which part of the brain interprets conscious sensations?
    cerebellum
    cerebrum
    ???
    medulla oblongata

    37 which part of the brain regulates body temperature?
    cerebellum
    hypothalamus
    cerebrum
    midbrain

    38 how many membranes protect the central nervous system?
    1
    2
    3
    4

    39 what is neurilemma?
    fine delicate membrane that surrounds the axon
    point where one neuron meets another
    end of a fibril
    insulation for axon

    40 what is not involved in the reflex arch?
    spinal cord
    sensory nerve
    heart
    motor nerve

    31 what is mastitis?
    inflammation of the uterus
    inflammation of the ovaries
    inflammation of the fallopian tubes
    inflammation of the breast

    42 which is the menstrual cycle after ovulation?
    secretory
    menstrual
    resting
    proliferative

    43 when is glycogen converted back to glucose?
    when the body needs insulation
    when the body needs energy
    when the body needs protein
    when the body needs to relax

    44 what are essential organic substances for the body?
    carbohydrates
    proteins
    minerals
    vitamins

    45 which organ will cirrhosis affect?
    liver
    gallbladder
    bladder
    kidney


    46 what are bronchioles? prevent friction of lungs
    act as passageway between larynx and bronchi
    take air to alveoli of lungs
    passageway that warms and moistens the air

    47 what are chemoreceptors?
    lung tissue
    ????
    nerve cells
    ?????

    48 is pneumonia an infection of
    the bronchial tubes
    lung tissue caused by infection
    pleural lining
    sinuses

    49 where is urine produced?
    bladder
    kidney
    urethra
    ureter

    50 which is an inflammation of the kidneys?
    cystitis
    nephritis
    ????
    kidney stones


    1 Which is the following example of a congenital skin disease
    herpes simplex
    acne vulagaris
    tinea pedis
    eczema

    2 vitiligo can be recognised by
    white patches of skin
    yellow patches of skin
    red patches of skin
    brown patches of skin

    3 which is the bacterial skin disease
    tinea corporis
    folliculitis
    warts
    eczema

    4 what is the role of the sebaceous
    gland control temperature
    secrete chemicals and act as a receptor
    remove waste from skin
    secrete sebum and act as a moisturiser

    5 what do eccrine glands secrete
    sebum
    milky fluid
    watery sweat
    oil

    6 which of the following defines flexion
    turn the palm of the hand to the ceiling
    point toes to ground
    turn foot outwards
    decrease the angle of a bone

    7 which muscle everts the foot and plantar flexes the ankle
    peroneus longus
    tibialis anterior
    gastrocnemius
    soleus


    8 which of the following is a muscle is in the lower arm and hand
    tibialis anterior
    coracobrachialis
    flexor digitorium longus
    flexor carpi ulnaris

    10 which does not flex the hip sartorious semimembranosus illiacus rectum frmoris
     
  8. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

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    1 In the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle which hormone is produced?
    Progesterone
    Testosterone
    Follicle stimulating
    Luteinising

    2 Amenorrhoea is defined as:
    Constantly menstruating
    Painful menstruation
    Absence of menstruation
    Very heavy menstruating
    C

    3 In the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle the hormone produced is:
    Progesterone
    Testosterone
    Follicle stimulating
    Luteinising

    4 The scrotum contains:
    Spermatozoa
    Ovaries
    Epididymis
    Prostate gland

    5 The functions of the prostate gland include:
    Store sperm
    Produce sperm
    Produce seminal fluid
    Stop micturition

    6 Fertilisation of the ovum occurs:
    In the uterus
    In the follicle In the fallopian tubes
    In the testes

    7 Reproductive system links to:
    Nervous Digestive
    Digestive
    Muscular
    Circulatory
    Circulatory

    8 Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a result of:
    Hyper secretion of female sex hormones
    Hyper secretion of testosterone in females
    Hypo secretion of female sex hormones
    Hypo secretion of testosterone in females

    9 What is dysmenorrhoea?
    Absence of menstruation
    Extremely painful menstruation
    Irregular menstrual cycle
    Cessation of menstruation

    10 What type of tissue is found in the breast?
    Nervous and muscular
    Blood and lymphoid
    Yellow elastic and white fibrous
    Areolar and adipose

    1 Define bright's disease:

    2 Cystitis is defined as:
    Inflammation of the urethra
    Inflammation of the kidney
    Inflammation of the ureter
    Inflammation of the bladder

    3 Nephritis is defined as inflammation of the:
    Eye
    Kidney
    Bladder
    Liver

    4 The structure of the renal pelvis of the kidney is:
    Funnel shaped cavity
    Sac like organ in the pelvic cavity
    Fibrous capsule
    A narrow tube within the kidney

    5 Filtration occurs in:
    Kidney
    Convoluted tubules
    Bowman's capsule
    Renal pelvis

    6 What enzyme is produced in the kidneys?
    Pepsin
    Amylase
    Renin
    Rennin

    7 Urine gets its colour from:
    Waste products
    Minerals
    Salts
    Bile

    8 Urine passes from the kidney to:
    Urethra
    Bladder
    Pelvis
    Ureter

    9 Cystitis is defined as inflammation of
    Urethra
    Kidney
    Bladder
    Ureter

    10 The percentage of urea in urine is:
    2%
    4%
    6%
    10%

    11 What is cystitis?
    An inflammation of the bladder
    An inflammation of the ureter
    An inflammation of the urethra
    An inflammation of the kidneys
    An inflammation of the kidneys

    1 The innominate bone is made up of
    Radius and ulna
    Pelvis and femur
    Carpal and metacarpal
    Ischium and ilium

    2 The vertebrae are
    Short bone
    Flat bone
    Long bone
    Irregular bone

    3 Bones are made from
    Osteoblasts
    Osteolasts
    Ostercasts
    None of these

    4 The capitate is found in
    The foot
    The ankle
    The wrist
    The hand

    5 The joints between the carpals are
    Hinge
    Gliding
    Saddle
    Pivot

    7 Cancellous bone is found:
    On the outside of short bones
    In the shaft of long bones
    In the ends of long bones
    In infected bone

    8 The common name for the zygomatic bone is:
    Jaw bone
    Cheek bone
    Forehead
    Skull bone

    11 The elbow joint is a:
    Pivot joint
    Fixed joint
    Hinge joint
    Gliding joint

    12 Am example of a slightly moveable joint is
    Cranial bones
    Carpals
    Vertebrae
    Collar bones

    13 A saddle joint allows
    "Flexion, extension, adduction, abduction, circumduction "
    No movement
    "Abduction, adduction, flexion, extension, rotation "
    "Plantar flexion, extension, circumduction, supination"

    14 The minerals that bones store include
    Magnesium
    Zinc
    Phosphorus
    Iron

    15 How many vertebrae form the spine?
    33
    37
    29
    34

    16 Which of the following is not a good example of a long bone?
    Metatarsals
    Ribs
    Femur
    Radius

    17 Where would I find the occipital bone?
    In the orbital cavity
    The jaw
    The ankle
    Back of the cranium

    18 What is the cause of osteoporosis?
    Growing old Calcium deficiency
    Calcium deficiency
    Stress Autoimmune disease

    19 Where would be a good example of a pivot joint?
    Between the atlas and the axis cervical vertebrae
    Elbow
    Between the carpals and tarsals
    Hip

    20 The wrist bones include:
    Tarsals
    Carpals
    Metatarsals
    Metacarpals

    21 The knee joint is a:
    Pivot joint
    Hinge joint
    Gliding joint
    Ball and socket joint

    22 What is the effect of osteo-arthritis?
    The cartilage of joint breaks down the synovial membrane A
    The chronic destruction of
    The bones become porous and brittle
    The joint of the spine fuse together

    23 What type of bone is the mandible?
    Moveable
    Partially moveable
    Immovable Floating
    Floating

    24 How many bones form the sacrum?
    4
    5
    6
    7

    26 Where would you find an example of a hinge joint?
    Between the phalanges of the fingers and toes tarsals and carpals A
    Between the atlas and axis
    Between the phalanges of the thumb and its metacarpals
    Between the humerus and the scapula

    ANSWERS
    1 d, 2 d, 3a, 4 c, 5 b, 7 c, 8 b, 11 c, 12 c, 13 a, 14 c, 15 a, 16 b, 17 d, 18 b, 19 a, 20 b, 21 b, 22 ?, 23 a, 24 b, 26 ?
     
  9. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

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    2 Which of the following does not contain involuntary muscle?
    Digestive system
    Heart Respiratory system
    Genito-urinary system

    3 Where would you find the sternocleidomastoid?
    Across the top of the shoulders
    Upper back
    Chest
    Running up the neck

    4 What is the function of the obicularis oculi?
    Raise the corner of the mouth
    Rotates the head
    Closes the eyelid
    Plantarflexes the ankle

    5 What is the cause of fibrositis?

    A build up of lactic acid in the muscle
    Overexertion
    Sodium depletion
    Scar tissue that has not healed

    6 The action of the obicularis oculi is to
    Close the mouth
    Close the eye
    Purse the lips
    Raise and retract the lower jaw

    7 The action of the abdominus transversalis muscle is to
    Produce rotation at the waist
    Flexes the vertebral column
    Flexes the head and neck
    Flexes the hip

    8 The lymphatic system relies on the muscular system for
    Leverage
    Movement
    Digestion
    Absorption

    9 A ligament connects
    Bone to bone
    Muscle to muscle
    Muscle to bone Muscle to skin

    10 The action of the masseter muscle is to Raise the lower jaw
    Raise the lips
    Flex the head
    Compress the nasal opening

    11 The ptergoids are
    Bone
    Layer of skin
    Muscle
    Nerve

    12 The action of the biceps femoris is to
    "Flex the hip, extend the knee "
    Abduct the leg
    "Extend the hip, flex the knee "
    Flex the arm

    13 The muscles of the lower arm and hand include
    Tibialis anterior
    Peroneus longus
    Extensor carpi digitorim
    Soleus

    14 Myositis is defined as
    Tension in muscle tissue
    Overexertion of muscle
    Inflammation of muscle tissue
    Injury to muscle tissue

    15 The action of the supraspinalis is
    Adduct the arm
    Medial rotate the arm
    Abduct the arm
    Lateral rotation of the arm

    16 The action of the brachialis is to
    Extend the arm
    Flex the elbow joint
    Supinate the arm
    Extend the elbow joint

    17 Eversion is to
    Turn inwards
    Turn downwards
    Turn upwards
    Turn outwards

    18 Tendons are made of
    Yellow elastic tissue
    Fibrous cords
    Fibrous connective tissue
    Adipose tissue

    19 Muscle insertion point is
    Moving end of muscle
    Fixed point of muscle
    Position of the muscle
    Opposite of muscle origin

    20 Muscle fatigue can be defined as
    Inability to contract
    Inability to sustain a contraction
    Inability to relax
    Inability to sustain relaxation

    21 Dorsiflexion is when you
    Flex foot upwards
    Flex foot downwards
    Turn sole inwards
    Turn sole outward

    22 The action of the coracho brachialis is Flexion of the arm
    Adduction
    Rotation
    Abduction

    23 Actions of the teres major
    Flexion of the arm Adducts
    Medially rotate
    Abduct

    24 Action of the serratus anterior
    Draw shoulder forward Draw shoulder backward
    Medially rotate scapula
    Flexion of thoracic cage

    25 Action of the erector spinae
    Flex vertebral column
    Extend vertebral column
    Medially rotate vertebrae
    Laterally rotate vertebrae

    26 Action of the supraspinatas
    Flexion of arm
    Extend scapula
    Medially rotate humerus
    Abduct humerus

    27 Action of sartorius
    Flexion of hip Extend the knee A
    Medially rotate femur
    Abduct the humerus

    28 Actions of rectus femoris
    Flex femur Extend knee B
    Extend hip
    Rotate femur

    29 A muscle strain is
    Overstretching Sudden twist
    Under nourishment
    Muscle stress

    30 Muscle system links to nervous system for
    Movement and coordination
    Lymphatic drainage
    Protection
    Contraction

    31 The action of the infraspinatus muscle is to:
    Rotate the arm inwards Adduct the arm
    Rotate the arm outwards
    Abduct the arm

    32 What is the action of the coraco brachialis?
    To pronate the arm
    To abduct and extend the arm
    To supinate the arm
    To adduct and flex the arm

    33 What muscle extends the head?
    Sternocleidomastoid
    Erector spinae
    Trapezius
    Splenius capitus

    34 What is the action of the subscapularis?
    To rotate the arm inwards
    To abduct the arm
    To rotate the arm outwards
    To adduct the arm

    35 What is the action of the levator labii superioris?
    To purse the lips
    To turn the lower lip outwards
    To lift the upper lip
    To pull down the corners of the mouth

    36 Which muscle everts and plantarflexes the ankle?
    Peroneus longus
    Tibialis anterior
    Gastrocnemius
    Soleus

    ANSWERS
    2 b, 3 d, 4 c, 5 a, 6 b, 7 b, 8 b, 9 b, 10 a, 11 c, 12 c, 13 c, 14 c, 15 c, 16 b, 17 d, 18 b, 19 a, 19 a, 20 b, 21 a, 22 a, 23 c, 24 a, 25 b, 2 6 d, 27 a, 28 b, 29 a, 30 a, 31 c, 32 d, 33 d, 34 ?, 35 c, 36 a

    1 Hypotension is
    Low blood pressure
    Stress Migraine
    High blood pressure

    2 The outer layer of the heart is called
    Pericardium
    Endocardium
    Myocardium
    Echocardium

    3 Blood leaves the heart to the body through
    Superior vena cave
    Carotid artery
    Aorta Subclavian artery

    4 Blood clotting is affected by
    Diet Exercise
    Blood volume
    Low platelets

    5 Anaemia is defined as
    Low red blood cells
    Lack of iron
    Reduction in oxygen carrying ability of the blood
    Blood loss

    6 High blood pressure is caused by
    Under active adrenal glands
    Blood loss
    Shock
    Kidney disease

    7 The function of the venules is to:
    Carry oxygenated blood from the capillaries to the larger veins
    Carry oxygenated blood from the larger veins to the capillaries
    Carry deoxygenated blood from the capillaries to the larger veins
    Carry deoxygenated blood from the larger veins to the capillaries

    8 Thrombocytes are:
    Cells that fight infection
    Cells that transport oxygen as oxyhaemoglobin
    Cells responsible for blood clotting
    Cells that form collagen

    9 Erythrocytes are:
    Cells that fight infection
    Cells that transport oxygen as oxyhaemoglobin
    Cells responsible for blood clotting
    Cells that form collagen

    10 The function of thrombocytes is to:
    Produce antibodies
    Protect the body from infection
    Eat bacteria and other micro organisms
    Clot the blood

    11 Plasma contains Haemoglobin
    Hormones
    Red blood cells
    Monocytes

    12 The function of thrombocytes is Blood clotting
    Fight infection
    Eat bacteria and micro organisms
    Supply oxygen to the cells

    13 The vessel that carries oxygenated blood into the heart is
    Vena cava
    Pulmonary vein
    Aorta
    Pulmonary artery

    14 Erythrocytes are
    Cells that fight infection
    Cells that transport oxygen as oxyhaemoglobin
    Cells responsible for blood clotting
    Cells that form collagen

    15 The characteristics of arteries include
    "Thick walled, small lumen "
    Transport blood to the heart
    Thin walled thin lumen
    Thin walled large lumen

    16 The arteries and veins of the lower arm and hand include
    "Digital, saphenous "
    "Cephalic, basilic "
    "Median, peronial "
    "Sciatic, humeral"

    17 What is the function of thrombocytes?
    Transport of nutrients
    Protect the body from infection
    Blood clotting
    Solvent in the blood

    18 As you look at a diagram of the heart what is the top right hand chamber called?
    Right atrium
    Left atrium
    Right ventricle
    Left ventricle

    20 Which is the main artery that supplies blood to the leg?
    Tibial
    Renal
    Brachial
    Thrombus

    21 What disease am I describing?
    Inflammation of a vein
    Phlebitis
    Atherosclerosis
    Haemorrhoids
    Thrombus

    22 Oxygen is carries in the blood by:
    Leucocytes Thrombocytes
    Thrombocytes
    Erythrocytes
    Lymphocytes

    23 What is the function of thrombocytes?
    To produce antibodies
    To clot the blood
    To eat bacteria and other micro organisms
    To protect the body from infection

    24 How is lymph drained into the circulatory system?
    Through the spleen
    Through the lymphatic capillaries
    Through the lymphatic nodes
    Through the lymphatic ducts

    25 What is the cause of Hepatitis A?
    Faecally contaminated food
    Infected body fluids
    An excessive intake of fat
    Cancer of the blood

    26 What vessel carries oxygen into the heart?
    Inferior vena cave
    Pulmonary vein
    Superior vena cava
    Pulmonary artery

    27 What is the membrane of the middle layer of the heart wall called?
    Pericardium
    Tacacardia
    Endocardium
    Myocardium

    ANSWERS
    1 a, 2 a, 3 c, 4 d, 5 c, 6d, 7 b, 8 c, 9 b, 10 d, 11 b, 12 a, 13 b, 14 b, 15 a, 16 b, 17 c, 18 b, 20 a, 21 a, 22 c, 23 b, 24 d, 25 a, 26 b, 27d
     
  10. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

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    1 The middle layer of lymphatic vessels are
    Fibrous outer tissue
    Muscular and elastic tissue
    Inner endothelial tissue
    Middle endothelial tissue

    2 Lymph is dependent on what for movement?
    Blood volume
    Skeletal muscles
    Gravity
    Valves

    3 Lymph is returned to the general circulation in Aorta
    Right Subclavian
    Superior and inferior vena cava
    Subclavian
    Right and left

    4 Lymphatic tissue is not found
    In the tonsils In the spleen
    In the appendix
    In the thyroid

    5 Antibodies are formed in
    Lymph vessels
    Lymph nodes
    Lymph ducts
    Lymph capillaries

    6 Lymphatic tissue does not contain
    Phagocytes
    Thrombocytes
    Lymphocytes
    Cells dividing to form new lymphocytes

    7 Lymph is drained back into the bloodstream through the:
    Lymphatic capillaries
    Lymphatic nodes
    Lymphatic ducts
    Spleen

    8 The functions of the spleen include:
    Collect and drain lymph
    Transport excess waste away from the tissues
    Destroy thrombocytes
    Destroy lymphocytes

    9 The function of a lymph vessel is to:
    Work with the blood to collect and distribute waste
    Transport lymph to the arteries
    Transport lymph Transport lymph to the veins

    10 Lymph flow is hindered by:
    Muscular activity
    Arterial pulsation
    Infection
    Peristaltic action

    11 The cervical lymph nodes are situated:
    In front of the ear
    Behind the ear
    Under the chin
    On the neck

    12 How do lymphatic capillaries differ to vascular capillaries?
    They do not differ
    They are not porous
    "They are not continuous, they have a blind end "
    They are held open with hoops of hyaline cartilage

    13 What is one of the functions of lymph?
    Transport oxygen to the tissues
    Add lymphocytes to the blood
    Transport carbon dioxide from the tissues
    Bathes the tissues in plasma

    14 How is lymph circulated?
    It is pumped by the heart
    The spleen pumps lymph
    Gravity draws it to the hands and feet where it is returned to the blood stream
    A combination of skeletal muscle contraction and valves in the veins

    15 What is the function of lymph nodes?
    To filter lymph only
    To produce new lymphocytes only
    A point of re-entry to the blood stream for lymph fluid
    To filter lymph and produce new lymphocytes

    16 The function of lymph nodes include
    Act as a biological filter
    Increase water content of lymph
    Transport oxygen
    Regulate body temperature

    17 The submandibular lymph nodes are situated
    In front of the ear
    Behind the ear
    Under the jaw bone
    On the neck

    18 The function of a lymph vessel is to
    Work with blood to collect and distribute waste
    Aid in the elimination of carbohydrates
    Transport lymph
    Transport lymph to the veins

    19 The digestive and lymphatic system work together to
    Aid in the digestion of carbohydrates
    Aid in the elimination of carbohydrates
    Aid in the digestion of fats
    Aid in the elimination of fats

    20 Non-granular leucocytes include:
    Erythrocytes
    Thrombocytes
    Monocytes
    Haemocytes

    21 What is the inner layer of a lymphatic vessel composed of?
    Muscular tissue
    Endothelial cells
    Yellow elastic tissue
    Ciliated columnar tissue

    22 Which of the following is not a function of the right lymphatic duct?
    To drain lymph from the right leg
    To drain lymph from the right side of the chest
    To drain lymph from the right arm
    To drain lymph from the right side of the head

    23 Which of the following is a function of a lymphatic node?
    To produce subcutaneous tissue
    To remove and destroy harmful micro-organisms
    To produce endothelial and elastic tissue
    To produce blood plasma

    24 Where are erythrocytes broken down?
    In the pancreas
    In the kidneys In the lymph
    In the spleen

    ANSWERS

    1 b, 2 b, 3 d, 4 d, 5 b, 6 b, 7 c, 8 d, 9 d, 10 c, 11d, 12c, 13b, 14 d, 15d, 16 a, 17c, 18c, 19c, 20c, 21a, 22a, 23b, 24 d

    1 The part of the nervous system which works closely with the respiratory system for inhalation is:
    Cerebrum
    Cerebellum
    Medulla oblongata
    Spinal cord
    C

    3 The muscular and nervous systems work together to:
    Control and coordinate movement
    Regulate body changes Protect
    Reproduce
    A

    4 The sympathetic nervous system affects the heart by:
    Accelerating the action of the heart
    Constricting the flow of blood to the heart
    Slowing down the action of the heart
    Lowering blood pressure
    A

    5 The brachial nerves supply the:
    "Muscles of the neck, shoulder and skin Skin and muscles of the lower abdomen, thighs and groin C"
    Cerebellum
    Muscles from the base of the neck to the fingertips and skin
    Chest muscles and the main part of the abdominal wall
    C

    6 Which part of the brain has control over cardiac output?
    Cerebrum
    Respiration
    Medulla oblongata
    Pons varolii

    9 Name a reaction of the nervous system outside the control of the brain
    Digestion
    Respiration
    Reflexes
    Heartbeat

    10 What would be the a symptom of bells palsy
    Pain down the lower back and leg
    Tremor
    Loss of co-ordination
    Facial paralysis

    11 The functions of the myelin sheath include
    To help regenerate nerve cells
    To transmit nerve impulses away from the cell body
    To speed up nerve conduction
    Slow down nerve conduction

    12 The nervous system overworks in times of stress causing:
    Low blood pressure
    Sciatica
    Muscle tension
    Decreased heart rate

    13 Multiple sclerosis is defined as
    Damage to the basal ganglia of the brain
    Deterioration of the motor neurones in the body
    Loss of the protective myelin sheath from nerve fibres
    Paralysis of the face caused by injury

    14 The effects on the digestive system of the parasympathetic nervous system include:
    "Increase in secretion of pancreatic juice, micturition "
    "Increase in digestion, increase in excretion of pancreatic juice"
    "Delay in digestion, inhibition in secretion of digestive juices "
    "Inhibition of micturition, decrease in secretion of pancreatic juices"

    15 The muscular and nervous system work closely together to
    Reproduce
    Protect
    Regulate body changes
    Control and co-ordinate movement
    16 Function of the pia mater is to
    Supplies blood to the brain and spinal cord
    Protects
    Consist of white and grey mater
    Contain cerebrospinal fluid

    17 Homeostasis is
    Internal balance
    Internal and external balance
    External balance
    Balance of body's surrounding environment

    18 Respiration is inhibited by
    Medulla oblongata
    Pons varolii
    Cerebrum
    Cerebellum

    19 Multiple sclerosis is a result of
    Loss of protective myelin sheath
    Degeneration of nerve cells
    Degeneration of nerve cells
    Damage to the basal ganglia
    Post viral fatigue syndrome

    20 Where does a sensory nerve carry impulses?
    From the brain to all parts of the body
    From all parts of the body to the brain
    Up and down the spine
    Up and down the limbs only

    21 What is a function of a dendrite?
    To send nerve impulses to the cell body
    To send nerve impulses away from the cell body
    To pass on nerve impulses to the next neurone
    To be a chemical messenger enabling the impulse to be transmitted

    22 Which part of the nervous system works closely with the respiratory system during inhalation?
    Spinal cord
    Medulla oblongata
    Cerebellum
    Cerebrum

    23 What is the function of a synapse?
    To pass on a nerve impulse to the axon of the next neurone
    To help insulate the axon
    To speed up the passage of nerve impulses along the fibre
    To contain a chemical messenger which enables a nerve impulse to be transmitted

    24 What effect does the sympathetic nervous system have on the skin?
    Dilation of the blood vessels that supply the skin
    A decrease in the ability of the skin to sweat
    Construction of the blood vessels that supply the skin
    Relaxation of the erector pili muscles in the skin

    ANSWERS
    1c, 2c,3a, 4a, 5c, 6 ?, 9 ?,11 ?, 12?, 13?, 14? 15?, 16?, 17?, 18?, 19?, 20?, 21?, 22?, 23?, 24

    1 The functions of the adrenal medulla hormones include:
    Regulation of salts in the body
    Maintenance of calcium levels in plasma
    Regulation of water absorption
    Prepares the body for fight or flight

    2 The endocrine system works closely with the nervous system to provide:
    Homeopathy
    Homosapien
    Homeostasis
    Imbalance in the body

    3 Hypo secretion of vasopressin causes:
    Oedema
    High blood pressure
    Diabetes insipidus
    Low blood pressure

    4 Hormones are carried in the:
    Circulatory system
    Lymphatic system
    Nervous system
    Respiratory system

    5 Hyper secretion of thyroxin can cause:
    Graves disease
    Myxoedema
    Cretinism
    Dwarfism

    6 The function of the adrenal medulla include
    Fight and flight response
    Regulation of body salts
    Rest and digest
    Regulation of body calcium levels

    7 The functions of the adrenal cortex include
    Fight and flight response
    Rest and digest Regulation of body salts
    Regulation of body calcium levels

    8 The causes of cushings syndrome include
    Hypo secretion of glucocorticoid hormones
    Hyper secretion of glucocorticoid hormones
    Hypo secretion of adrenocortical hormones
    Hyper secretion of adrenocortical hormones

    9 The posterior lobe of the pituitary gland secretes the following hormones
    "Oestrogen, prolactin "
    "Corticosteroids, follicle stimulating hormone"
    "Thyroptropin, human growth "
    "Vasopressin, oxytocin"

    10 The hyper secretion of parathormone results in
    "Hirsuitisim, amenorrhoea "
    "Softened bones, spontaneous fractures"
    "Lowered immunity, stress "
    Lowering of blood calcium levels

    11 Which endocrine gland secretes human growth and adrenocorticotrophic hormone
    Pineal
    Thyroid Pituitary
    Pancreas

    12 What is the function of thyroxin?
    Regulation of water absorption
    Stimulates the contraction of the uterus
    Controls the metabolic rate
    Regulates salts in the body

    13 Where are the adrenal glands found?
    Either side of the neck
    The base of the brain
    In the thorax
    Superior to the kidneys

    14 What does PMS stand for?
    Pre menstrual syndrome Pre monster syndrome
    Post menopausal syndrome
    Post menstrual syndrome

    15 What is the effect of amenorrhoea?
    Menstruation every 23 weeks
    Absence of menstruation
    Muscular atrophy
    The patient becomes hirsute

    16 The effect of premenstrual syndrome is
    Muscular atrophy
    Bloating and depression
    Irregular menstrual cycles
    Hirsuitisim

    17 Amenorrhoea is
    Onset of menstruation
    Painful menstruation
    Absent menstruation
    Depression and bloating

    18 The cause of addisons syndrome are:
    Hyposecretion of adrenocortical hormones
    Hyposecretion of female sex hormones
    Hypersecretion of adrenocortical hormones
    Hypersecretion of female sex hormones

    19 What is the effect of amenorrhoea?
    Constantly menstruating
    Painful menstruation
    Absence of menstruation
    Very heavy menstruation

    20 What is the function of interstitial cell-stimulating hormone?
    To stimulate the ovaries to produce the corpus luteum
    To stimulate the production of urine
    To stimulate the testes to secrete testosterone
    To stimulate tissue metabolism

    21 The effect of Polycystic ovarian syndrome may include:
    Muscular atrophy
    Early menopause Release of adrenaline into the blood stream
    Hirsutism

    22 What could hyposecretion of Vasopressin in adults cause?
    Low blood pressure
    Diabetes mellitus
    Jaundice
    Diabetes insipidus

    23 The function of the adrenal cortex hormones include to:
    Regulate salts in the body
    Maintain calcium levels in plasma
    Regulate water absorption
    Prepare the body for 'fight or flight'
     
  11. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

    Joined:
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    1 Emphysema is:
    Inflammation of lung tissue
    Inflammation of bronchial tubes
    Inflammation of the pleural lining of the lungs
    Loss of stretch and elasticity of the alveoli

    2 The structure of the pleura is:
    Yellow elastic connective tissue
    Areolar tissue
    Serous membrane
    Columnar epithelium tissue

    3 The functions of the trachea include:
    Collection of foreign matter or bacteria by the goblet secretory cells
    Act as a passageway between the larynx and pharynx
    To moisten and warm the air
    To allow exchange of gasses to take place

    4 The vessels carrying deoxygenated blood from the heart are:
    Superior vena cava
    Pulmonary artery
    Inferior vena cava
    Pulmonary vein

    5 Bronchitis is:
    Inflammation of the pleural lining
    Inflammation of the bronchial tubes
    Inflammation of lung tissue
    Alveoli stretch and lose elasticity

    6 Internal respiration occurs:
    In the nose
    In the trachea
    In the lungs
    Between the cells and blood

    7 Which muscle group is not involved in respiration?
    Diaphragm
    External intercostals
    Intercostals
    Abdominus rectus

    8 Pneumonia is
    Inflammation of bronchioles
    Inflammation of lung tissue
    Inflammation of pleura
    bacterial infection

    9 Chemo receptors that register oxygen levels in the blood are found in
    "Aorta, carotid arteries "
    Superior vena cava
    Inferior vena cava
    Jugular vein

    10 The trachea is made of:
    Incomplete rings of yellow elastic tissue of hyaline cartilage
    Incomplete rings
    Complete rings of yellow elastic tissue
    Complete rings of hyaline cartilage

    11 Internal respiration is:
    Air intake and exchange of gasses in the lungs
    Expiration and exchange of gasses in the lungs
    Exchange of gasses in cells
    Exchange of gasses in the lungs

    12 The Pons Varolii:
    Stimulates inspiration
    Stimulates expiration
    Inhibits inspiration
    Inhibits expiration

    13 The main muscle of respiration is
    The intercostals
    Abdominal
    Cardiac
    Diaphragm

    14 What is the structure of the pleura?
    Serous membrane
    Areolar tissue
    Columnar epithelial tissue
    Yellow elastic connective tissue

    15 What is meant by diffusion?
    The movement of water and soluble substances across a membrane caused by the difference in pressure either side of the membrane
    When water passes through a membrane fro a strong concentration of pressure or solution to a weaker pressure or solution to make both sides equal
    "When substances are too large to pass directly through the membrane, a carrier substance takes them from outside to the inside "
    When a strong concentration of gas moves to the weaker concentration of gas until both sides are equal

    16 What is bronchitis?
    Inflammation of the lungs
    Inflammation of the stomach
    Inflammation of the throat
    Inflammation of the bronchi

    4 Salivary glands include
    "Clavicle, carotid "
    "Cervical, buccal"
    "Palatine, masseter submandibular"
    "Parotid, "

    5 The digested food absorbed by the lacteals are:
    "Fats, fatty acids and glycerol "
    Polysaccharides and monosaccharides
    Amino acids and sugars
    Proteins and peptones

    6 The function of lipase is
    To emulsify fats
    Convert fats to fatty acids
    Collect fats
    Digestion

    7 The functions of the liver include
    Reservoir for bile
    Eliminate toxins
    Secretes enterocrinin
    "Produce Vitamin D, turn fats into cholesterol"

    8 Anorexia nervosa is
    Over use of laxatives
    Refusal to eat
    Insatiable hunger
    Binge eating

    9 The tongue plays an important part in
    Digestion
    Ingestion
    Indigestion
    Swallowing

    10 The enzyme trypsin can be found in the:
    Juices from the pancreas
    Bile from the gall bladder
    Juices from the stomach
    Bile from the liver

    11 What does lipase digest?
    Fats Proteins
    Carbohydrates
    Starch

    12 What does cirrhosis affect?
    The kidneys
    The bladder
    The gall bladder
    The liver

    13 Where does ingestion begin?
    In the stomach
    In the small intestine
    In the mouth
    In the large intestine

    6 Acne vulgaris is more common during
    Pregnancy
    Puberty
    Lactation
    Menopause

    7 Vitiligo can be recognised by
    White patches of skin
    Yellow patches of skin
    Red patches of skin with silvery scales
    Brown patches of skin

    8 The pH of the skin in the measurement of the
    Depth of layers of the epidermis
    Thickness of the dermis
    Lipid content of sebum
    Acidity or alkalinity of the skin

    9 Melanin formation is defined as
    A pigment which lightens the skin
    A pigment which darkens the skin
    Helps form a scab on the skin
    Converts ergosterol to vitamin D

    10 Define the function of the erector pili muscle
    Cause the hair follicle to stand erect
    Constrict the flow of blood to the epidermis
    The layer of muscle found below the dermis
    Pumps sebum to the surface of the skin
    Pumps sebum to the surface of the skin

    12 List the correct order of the layers of the skin
    "Spinosum, corneum, lucidum. Granulosum, germinativum "
    "Corneum, lucidum, granulosum, spinosum, germinativum"
    "Lucidum, granulosum, spinosum, corneum, germinativum "
    "Corneum, spinosum, lucidum, granulosum, germinativum"

    13 The skin produces two products these are
    Melatonin and Vitamin D
    Vitamin E and myelin
    Melanin and Vitamin E
    Melaning and Vitamin D

    14 "I have a skin disorder, it is as follows. A bacterial infection causing thin roofed blisters, which weep and leave a thick, yellow crust. It is highly contagious. What is the disorder?"
    Impetigo
    Warts
    Psoriasis
    Carcinoma

    15 The cells containing keratin can be found in which layer of skin?
    Stratum corneum
    Stratum granulosum
    Stratum spinosum
    Stratum lucidum

    16 Melanin is produced in which layer of skin?
    Stratum corneum
    Stratum granulosum
    Stratum spinosum
    Stratum basale

    17 Which of the following is congenital?
    Eczema
    Acne vulgaris
    Herpes
    Impetigo

    18 The outer layer of the dermis is
    Stratum corneum
    Stratum lucidum
    Stratum spinosum
    Stratum germinativum

    19 The normal pH value of the skin is
    5.6-6.5
    4.6 – 5.4
    6.5-7.0
    5.0-7.0

    20 Vitiligo is what kind of disorder?
    Infectious
    Pigmentation
    Bacterial
    Fungal

    21 Sunlight is needed to convert what into vitamin D?
    MSH
    Ergosterol
    Sebum
    Water

    22 Sebum is produced in
    Eccrine glands
    Apocrine glands
    Sebaceous glands
    Epidermis

    23 What type of skin disease is impetigo?
    Fungal
    Congenital
    Viral
    Bacterial

    24 The characteristics of eczema include: Elevated wheals on the skin
    Silvery scales
    Red itching rash
    Pustules

    25 Which of the following is converted into Vit D by ultra violet radiation in sunlight?
    Substance in sweat
    Substance in plasma
    Substance in sebum
    Substance in capillaries

    26 Where can melanocytes be found?
    In the sebaceous glands
    In the dermis
    In the stratum germinativum
    In the apocrine glands

    ANSWERS
    6b, 7a.8d,9d, 10a, 12b, 13a, 14a, 15b 16d,17a, 18a, 19d, 20a, 21b, 22c, 23c,24c, 25?, 26?

    1 The Golgi apparatus is
    Protein house
    Oval shaped membrane
    Power house
    Combines carbohydrate with protein compound

    2 The process by which oxygen passes from the blood into the cells is
    Diffusion
    Mouth
    Osmosis
    Filtration

    4 Squamous epithelial tissue is found in
    Tubules of the kidneys
    Gall bladder
    Squamous cells
    Heart blood and lymph vessels

    5 The movement of substances through cells is aided by
    Ribosome's
    Vacuoles
    Endoplasmic reticulum
    Centrioles

    6 Protein is made in the cell in
    Mitochondria
    Ribosome's
    Nucleus
    Lysosomes

    7 "In cell reproduction, the nucleus disappears during"
    Telophase
    Anaphase
    Interphase
    Prophase

    8 Keratin is
    Compound epithelium
    Simple epithelium
    Squamous epithelium
    Ciliated epithelium

    9 Fatty substances enter the cell by
    Osmosis
    Dissolution
    Filtration
    Diffusion

    11 Areolar tissue is a type of:
    Connective tissue
    Epithelial tissue
    Nervous tissue
    Muscular tissue

    12 The functions of areolar tissue include:
    "Protection, insulation "
    "Support, connection "
    "Stretch, recoil "
    "Lining, absorption"

    14 Where would you typically find Squamous epithelial tissue?
    Lining the circulatory system
    Lining the stomach
    Lining the respiratory system
    Lining the bladder

    15 When a cell reproduces and divides the term is
    Meiosis
    Osmosis
    Mitosis
    Melanosis


    17 "What am I explaining? The transfer of a substance by pressure, when the concentration of the substance on one side of the membrane is greater than the other. The transference stops when an equal concentration has been achieved."
    Filtration
    Osmosis
    Diffusion
    Dissolution

    18 What is the majority of a cell made up of?
    Carbohydrates
    Cytoplasm
    Protoplasm
    Nucleus

    19 The function of the mitochondria is to
    Secrete carbohydrates
    Play an important role in cell division
    Allow the movement of different substances within the cell
    Supply the cell with energy

    21 Prophase is the stage in mitosis when the
    Centrosome divides into two centrioles
    Chromosomes arrange themselves at the centre of the cell
    Spindle threads of the Centrioles divide to form new centromeres
    Centromere stretches as the Centrioles are drawn apart

    22 Columnar epithelial tissue is attached to the basement membrane by a single layer of which type of cell?
    Tall and rectangular
    Cube shaped
    Flattened
    Those that are not flattened but can change shape when necessary

    23 What is mitosis?
    The covering around the cell
    The protection against UV light
    The elimination of toxins from the skin
    The multiplication of cells

    24 What is the function of the endoplasmic reticulum?
    To produce enzymes and other compounds
    To form a network of canals
    To combine carbohydrates with protein compounds for energy
    To release energy and form adenosine triphosphate

    25 What is the function of ciliated epithelial tissue?
    To form a lining in the stomach and small intestine
    To form a smooth lining for lymph vessels
    To prevent deeper layers from drying out and dying
    "To help remove mucus and foreign matter, keeping passageways clear"

    26 What is the function of the nucleolus?
    To destroy worn out parts of the cell
    To store waste materials or secretions from the cytoplasm
    To programme the formation of ribosome's
    To control all the organelles within the cytoplasm

    ANSWERS
    1d, 2a,4d, 5c, 6b, 7d, 8a, 9b 10b,11a, 12b, 14c, 15c, 17b, 18c, 19d, 21a, 22a, 23d, 24b, 25d, 26c
     
  12. Student Helper

    Student Helper New Member

    Joined:
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    1 What does the sebaceous gland produce?
    Watery sweat
    Milky sweat
    Sebum
    Oil

    2 Vitiligo can be recognised by the presence of what?
    White patches of skin
    Red patches of skin
    Yellow patches of skin
    Brown patches of skin

    3 The eccrine glands secrete?
    a.Watery sweat
    Milky sweat
    c.Sebum
    d.Mucous

    4 Which of these is a congential condition?
    Acne Vulgaris
    Herpes Simplex
    Tinea pedis
    Ezcema

    5 Which of these is a bacterial infection?
    Tinea corporis
    Folliculitis
    Warts
    Ezcema

    6 Which of the following does NOT flex the hip
    Semimembranous
    Rectus Femoris
    Sartorius
    Iliacus

    7 Which muscle everts the foot and plantarflexes the ankle?
    Peroneus Longus
    Gastrocnemius
    Rectus Femoris
    Soleus

    8 Which of the following muscles is in the lower arm?
    Coracobrachialis
    Tibialis anterior
    Extensor Digitorum Longus
    Extensor carpi ulnaris

    9 What is the description of flexion?
    Facing the palm of the hand upwards
    Pointing the toes down towards the ground
    Turning the foot outwards
    Reduced angle between the joints of a bone

    10 What is a strain?
    A rheumatoid condition affecting the joints
    Local involuntary contractions of a muscle
    Build up of lactic acid in the muscle causing stiffness and pain
    The overexertion of a muscle causing local inflammation and pain

    11 11. What is known as the ‘power house’ of a cell?
    Endoplasmic reticulum
    Ribosomes
    Golgi apparatus
    Mitochondrion

    12 the study of cells and tissues is called?
    a. Homeopathy
    b. Histology
    c. Biology
    d. Cardiology

    13 Which tissue is found around the body supporting and connecting?
    Areolar
    White fibrous
    Yellow elastic
    d Adipose

    14 What tissue is found in the breast?
    Blood and lymph
    Cartilage
    White fibrous and yellow elastic
    Areolar and adipose

    15 QUESTION UNKNOWN

    16 What is the name of the bone that protects the kneecap?
    Scapula
    Clavicle
    Tibia
    Patella

    17 . Where would you find slightly flexible joints?
    a. Between parietal and occipital bones
    c. Between the vertebrae
    ?
    D

    18 What is the name of the bone of the upper arm?
    Humerus
    Tibia
    Femur
    Ulna

    19 Which of the following is the function of Cancellous bone?
    Strength
    Flexibility
    Protective covering
    Structural integrity and cell reproduction

    20 Which is the only moveable bone in the skull?
    Temporal
    Occipital
    Maxilla
    Mandible

    21 Where would you find the pituitary gland?
    Skull
    Chest
    Throat
    Kidney

    22 What is the function of the parathyroid glands? Maintenance of calcium in the blood
    Maintenance of sugar in the blood
    Maintenance of metabolism
    Maintenance of iron levels in the blood

    23 "A client has very high blood sugar and produces a lot of urine, what could they be suffering from?"
    Addison’s disease
    Diabetes mellitus
    Diabetes insipidus

    24 Hypersecretion of thyroxine could lead to?
    Gain in weight
    Increased metabolism
    Excessive breast growth in men

    25 What is the disease/disorder when the follicles are constantly produced in the ovaries?
    Polycystic ovary disease
    Dysmenorrhoea
    Endometriosis
    Amenorrhoea

    26 Where do capillaries arise from?
    Arterioles
    Venules Veins
    Arteries

    27 What is the structure of arteries?
    "Thick walls, small lumens"
    "Thin walls, small lumens"
    "Thick walls, large lumens"
    "Thin walls, large lumens"

    28 What is the condition that involved reduction of the number of red blood cells?
    Anaemia
    Leukemia
    Atherosclerosis
    Phlebitis

    29 What is haemophilia?
    Enlarged veins in the rectum
    Inability of the blood to clot
    A blood clot

    30 QUESTION UNKNOWN

    31 What is one of the functions of the spleen?
    Storage of hormones
    To destroy lymphocytes
    To destroy thrombocytes

    32 Where would you find the Popliteal lymph node?
    In the neck
    In the armpit Behind the knee In the groin

    33 What is one of the functions of a lymph node?
    To filter out bacteria and toxins

    34 Which vessel does the thoracic duct drain to?
    Left subclavian vein
    Right subclavian vein
    Left aortic vein
    Right aortic vein

    35 Where is the posterior auricular node situated?
    At the back of the head
    In front of the ear
    Behind the ear
    Under the chin

    36 What is a neurilemma?
    The fine membrane surrounding an axon
    The junction between two nerves
    c. Insulation for the nerve

    37 How many cervical nerves are there?
    a.4
    8
    c.12
    d.5

    38 What is the function of the oculomotor cranial nerve?
    To move the muscles of the eye
    To control the muscles of the face that create expression
    The sense of sight
    To control temperature

    39 Which part of the brain is responsible for the regulation of temperature?
    Pons Varoli
    Hypothalamus
    Cerebellum
    Pineal

    40 Which part of the brain is responsible for memory?
    Cerebrum
    Cerebellum
    Medulla oblongata

    41 Which part of the reproductive system is affected by mastitis?
    Breast
    Uterus
    Ovaries

    42 Amenorrhoea is defined as?
    Continuous menstruation
    Painful menstruation
    Absence of menstruation
    Very heavy menstruation

    43 Where would you find trypsin?
    Liver
    Mouth
    Stomach
    Pancreas

    44 What does liver do that involves circulatory system?
    Production of plasma proteins
    Storage of hormones
    Production of leucocytes
    Production of red blood cells

    45 What do digestive and lymph work together to do?
    Absorption of carbohydrates
    Elimination of waste
    Absorption of fats
    Elimination of fats

    46 What is the function of the Bronchioles?
    To take the air from the larynx to the bronchi
    To take air to the alveoli
    To warm and moisten the air

    47 "Which part of the brain is responsible for stopping inspiration, and therefore expiration?"
    Medulla oblongata
    Cerebellum
    Cerebrum
    Pons varoli

    48 The definition of Pneumonia is? Inflammation of the bronchi causing coughing
    Inflammation of the lung tissue caused by infection
    Inflammation of the lining of the lung
    Infection of the sinuses of the face

    49 What is the name for inflammation of the kidneys?
    Nephritis
    Glomerulonephritis
    Kidney stones

    50 What is the definition of micturition?
    Elimination of urine
    Elimination of faeces
    The filtration process that reabsorbs nutrients in the kidneys

    ANSWERS
    1c, 2a, 3a, 4d, 5b, 6a, 7a, 8d, 9d, 10d, 11d, 12b, 13a, 14d, 15?, 16d, 17?, 18a, 19d, 20d, 21a, 22a,23b, 24b, 25a, 26a, 27a, 28a, 29b, 30?, 31d, 32c, 33b, 34a, 35c, 36a, 37b, 38a, 39b, 40a,41a, 42c, 43 d, 44a, 45c, 46c, 47d, 48b, 49b, 50a

    1 What is a congenital disease?
    Eczema

    2 What is a bacterial disease?
    Folliculitis

    3 What is Vitiligo?
    White Patches

    4 Which muscle does not flex the hip?
    Semimembranosus

    5 Which is a muscle of lower arm and wrist?
    Flexor Carpi Ulnaris

    6 Which muscle plantarflexes and everts foot
    Peroneus Longus

    7 Where do you find trypsin?
    Pancreas

    8 in which disease do you find multiple growth of ovarian cysts?
    Polycystic ovarian syndrome

    9 what area of the body is affected by mastitis?
    The breasts

    10 What is caused by decrease of red blood cells?
    Anaemia

    11 "what does over-stretching, over-use of muscles cause?"
    Strain


    12 1What are the characteristics of arteries?
    "Thick, wall, small lumen"

    13 What is inflammation of kidneys called?
    Nephritis

    14 What is micturition?
    Passing of urine

    15 What is the function of bronchioles?
    To pass air to alveoli

    16 What is Amenorrhoea?
    Absence of menstruation

    17 What is called the ´power house´of the cell?
    Mitochondria

    18 What is the main connecting + supporting tissue found all over the body?
    Aerolar

    19 what is the function of cancellous bone?
    Something like forming blood cells….
    20 Where do capillaries arise from?
    Arterioles

    21 Which part of the brain helps regulating body temperature?
    Hypothalamus

    22 Which part of the brain is responsible for memory?
    Cerebrum

    23 What is a neurilemma?
    "Fine, delicate membrane which surrounds axons"

    24 What is the study of cells called?
    Histology

    25 What is responsible to stop inspiration
    Pons Varolii

    26 What produces the eccrine gland?
    Watery sweat

    27 What is the oculomotor nerve?
    Something like controls eye movement…

    28 How many cranial nerves?

    29 What is caused by hypersecretion of thyroxin?
    Increase in metabolic rate

    30 What is the function of parathyroids?
    Maintenance of calcium

    31 Where do you find the pituitary glands?
    Skull

    32 where are the posterior auricular nodes situated?
    Behind ears

    33 where do you find the popliteal nodes?
    Knee

    34 What is the action of flexion?
    Decrease angle

    35 Which is a bone of the upper arm?
    Humerus

    36 Which bone forms knee cap?
    Patella

    37 Which is an example of partially moveable joint?
    Vertebrae

    38 What connects liver and circulatory system
    Produce blood plasma

    39 Which is a moveable joint
    Mandible

    40 What do digestive + lymphatic system work together for
    Absorption of fat

    41 Function of spleen?
    Destroying thrombocytes

    42 What is breast tissue made of?
    Aerolar + adipose

    43 What is a result of high blood sugar and high urine production?
    Diabetes mellitus

    44 What is Pneumonia?
    Inflammation of lung tissue

    45 Where does the thoracic duct drain to?
    Left subclavian vein

    46 What is function of sebaceous glands?
    "Produce sebum, lubricate hair shaft"
    A
     
  13. Rosi1

    Rosi1 New Member

    Joined:
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    I sat my exam on Saturday.

    There were no question on cells or mitosis.

    Some questions asked were:

    The absence of menstruation is known as? Amenorrhea
    Which one is a bacterial skin disorder? Folliculitis
    How many bones in the foot? 7
    The study of tissue? Histology
    Symptoms of PMS - tender breasts & irritability
    The only movable bone in the skull - Mandible
    What vitamin does the liver not store - B6
    What symptoms does tuberculosis have? cold sweats & fever
    What does the ureter connect? The kidneys to the bladder

    Will see if I remember some more!
     
    #13 Rosi1, Apr 6, 2008
    Last edited by a moderator: May 15, 2009
  14. Jonesy

    Jonesy New Member

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    Just thought I would double check. I thought that the urethra was tube that takes urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Its the URETER that is the tube from the kidneys to the bladder.

    Am a student myself at the mo so might be mistaken but am sure that is the correct meaning. Can someone clarify? :confused:
     
  15. Rosi1

    Rosi1 New Member

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    You are quite correct Jonesy - I will change that now, and thankfully I answered the question correctly in the exam but on here somehow typed urethra!
     
  16. Treacle

    Treacle New Member

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    7 bones in the foot????

    There are 7 tarsals but also 5 metatarsals and 14 phalanges, so 26 bones altogether.
     
  17. Rosi1

    Rosi1 New Member

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    7 tarsals (thought it was obvious there are more than 7 bones in the whole foot).

    Can't modify the post though, my 'edit' option has disappeared!
     
  18. Treacle

    Treacle New Member

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  19. Rosi1

    Rosi1 New Member

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    There were also some questions on the lymphatic system and the blood - the blood question was about oxygenated blood/de-oxygenated blood, so make sure you know what carries what.

    The lymph question I think was about capillaries and their role, so make sure you know what the ducts, nodes and what does what.

    There was also a question on skeletal diseases - I think the answer was 'Lordosis' so learn those 3.
     
  20. Lily Pond

    Lily Pond New Member

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    A & P exam

    Hi there
    Sat my A & P exam last night and I found it hard so heres some questions that came up:
    1.What is herpes zoster known as?
    2.How many layers does the epidermis contain?
    3.Which muscle draws the arm forward,adducts & rotates the arm medially?
    a.pectoralis major b.Serratus anterior c.teres minor d.deltoid
    4.What type of joint do the atlas and axis form
    5.Which area of the spine does lordosis affect
    6.Which hormone controls the adrenal cortex
    7.What do the endrocrine glands secrete
    8.Where are the tonsils situated
    9.What is the function of the ureter
    10.What is micturition

    If I think of anymore in the meantime I let you know

    xx :)
     

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